1. History develops moral understanding, defines identity and creates an appreciation of how things change while building skills in judgment and decision-making. History enhances the ability to read varied sources and develop the skills to analyze, interpret and communicate.
1 Seek and evaluate multiple historical sources with different points of view to investigate a historical question and to formulate and defend a thesis with evidence
a Determine and explain the interdependence of people around the world during significant eras or events
b Analyze historical sources for accuracy and point of view while formulating historical questions. Sources to include but not limited to art, artifacts, eyewitness accounts, letters and diaries, artifacts, real or simulated historical sites, charts, graphs, diagrams, and written texts
2 The historical eras, individuals, groups, ideas and themes within regions of the Eastern Hemisphere and their relationships with one another
a Explain how people interact and are interconnected over key periods or eras in history in the Eastern Hemisphere
c Describe the foundation and development of key historical topics. Topics to include but not limited to early civilizations, Greece, Rome, ancient China and ancient African civilizations, and the Medieval World incorporating the Crusades and Feudalism
e Describe the history, interactions, and contributions of various peoples and cultures that have lived in or migrated to the Eastern Hemisphere. Topics to include but not limited to world religions, the Silk Road, East/West contact and settlement patterns
2. Geography provides students with an understanding of spatial perspectives and technologies for spatial analysis, awareness of interdependence of world regions and resources and how places are connected at local, national and global scales.
1 Use geographic tools to gather data and make geographic inferences and predictions
a Interpret maps and other geographic tools to find patterns in human and physical systems
b Describe the characteristics and distribution of physical systems, cultural patterns and economic interdependence to make predictions. Topics to include but not limited to environmental issues and cultural diffusion
c Collect and analyze data to make geographic inferences and predictions regarding the Eastern Hemisphere
d Ask and answer questions after examining geographic sources
2 Regions have different issues and perspectives
a Classify data to construct thematic maps and make inferences
b Analyze and interpret data using geographic tools and create maps
c Construct maps using fundamental principles to identify key information and analyze regional issues and perspectives in the Eastern Hemisphere
d Explain how the physical environment of a place influences its economy, culture, and trade patterns
3. Economics teaches how society manages its scarce resources, how people make decisions, how people interact in the domestic and international markets, and how forces and trends affect the economy as a whole. Personal financial literacy applies the economic way of thinking to help individuals understand how to manage their own scarce resources using a logical decision-making process of prioritization based on analysis of the costs and benefits of every choice.
1 Supply and demand influence price and profit in a market economy
e Define resources from an economic and personal finance perspective
f Explain the role of taxes in economic production and distribution of resources
g Define the various types of taxes students will pay as adults
h Demonstrate the impact of taxes on individual income and spending
4. Civics teaches the complexity of the origins, structure, and functions of governments; the rights, roles and responsibilities of ethical citizenship; the importance of law; and the skills necessary to participate in all levels of government.
1 Compare how various nations define the rights, responsibilities, and roles of citizens
a Compare the definition of citizen in various governments
b List the responsibilities of citizens in various governments
c Define the roles of citizens in various governments
d Give national and international examples of ethics and quality in government policies and practices
e Give examples illustrating how various governments and citizens interact and analyze how these interactions have changed over time