1. History develops moral understanding, defines identity and creates an appreciation of how things change while building skills in judgment and decision-making. History enhances the ability to read varied sources and develop the skills to analyze, interpret and communicate.
1 Formulate appropriate hypotheses about United States history based on a variety of historical sources and perspectives
a Use and interpret documents and other relevant primary and secondary sources pertaining to United States history from multiple perspectives
d Evaluate the impact of different factors – on topics to include but not limited to gender, age, ethnicity and class– on groups and individuals in this time period and the impact of these groups and individuals on the events of the time period
f Analyze ideas that are critical to the understanding of American history and give examples of the ideals involved in major events and movements. Topics to include but not limited to representative democracy, federalism, capitalism, abolition, temperance, nativism, and expansionism
2. Geography provides students with an understanding of spatial perspectives and technologies for spatial analysis, awareness of interdependence of world regions and resources and how places are connected at local, national and global scales.
1 Use geographic tools to analyze patterns in human and physical systems
a Interpret maps and other geographic tools as a primary source to analyze an historic issue
3. Economics teaches how society manages its scarce resources, how people make decisions, how people interact in the domestic and international markets, and how forces and trends affect the economy as a whole. Personal financial literacy applies the economic way of thinking to help individuals understand how to manage their own scarce resources using a logical decision-making process of prioritization based on analysis of the costs and benefits of every choice.
1 Economic freedom, including free trade, is important for economic growth
a Give examples of international differences in resources, productivity, and prices that provide a basis for international trade
b Describe the factors that lead to a nation having a comparative and absolute advantage in trade
c Explain effects of domestic policies on international trade
d Explain why nations often restrict trade by using quotas, tariffs, and non-tariff barriers
2 Manage personal credit and debt
a Identify and differentiate between purposes and reasons for debt
b Analyze benefits and costs of credit and debt
c Compare sources of credit
d Describe the components of a credit history
4. Civics teaches the complexity of the origins, structure, and functions of governments; the rights, roles and responsibilities of ethical citizenship; the importance of law; and the skills necessary to participate in all levels of government.
1 Analyze elements of continuity and change in the United States government and the role of citizens over time
a Describe instances in which major political, social, economic, or cultural changes occurred and the reasons for the changes
e Analyze primary sources supporting democratic freedoms and the founding of our government. Documents to include but not limited to the Declaration of Independence, Constitution, Bill of Rights and explain how they provide for both continuity and change