SC.3.E.5 Humans continue to explore Earth's place in space. Gravity and energy influence the formation of galaxies, including our own Milky Way Galaxy, stars, the Solar System, and Earth. Humankind's need to explore continues to lead to the development of knowledge and understanding of our Solar System.
SC.3.E.5.1 Explain that stars can be different; some are smaller, some are larger, and some appear brighter than others; all except the Sun are so far away that they look like points of light.
SC.3.E.5.2 Identify the Sun as a star that emits energy; some of it in the form of light.
SC.3.E.5.3 Recognize that the Sun appears large and bright because it is the closest star to Earth.
SC.3.E.5.4 Explore the Law of Gravity by demonstrating that gravity is a force that can be overcome.
SC.3.E.5.5 Investigate that the number of stars that can be seen through telescopes is dramatically greater than those seen by the unaided eye.
SC.3.E.6 Humans continue to explore the composition and structure of the surface of Earth. External sources of energy have continuously altered the features of Earth by means of both constructive and destructive forces. All life, including human civilization, is dependent on Earth's water and natural resources.
SC.3.E.6.1 Demonstrate that radiant energy from the Sun can heat objects and when the Sun is not present, heat may be lost.
SC.3.L Life Science
SC.3.L.14 Organization and Development of Living Organisms
A All plants and animals, including humans, are alike in some ways and different in others.
B All plants and animals, including humans, have internal parts and external structures that function to keep them alive and help them grow and reproduce.
SC.3.L.14.2 Investigate and describe how plants respond to stimuli (heat, light, gravity), such as the way plant stems grow toward light and their roots grow downward in response to gravity.
SC.3.L.15 Diversity and Evolution of Living Organisms
A Earth is home to a great diversity of living things, but changes in the environment can affect their survival.
B Individuals of the same kind often differ in their characteristics and sometimes the differences give individuals an advantage in surviving and reproducing.
SC.3.L.15.1 Classify animals into major groups (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, arthropods, vertebrates and invertebrates, those having live births and those which lay eggs) according to their physical characteristics and behaviors.
SC.3.L.15.2 Classify flowering and nonflowering plants into major groups such as those that produce seeds, or those like ferns and mosses that produce spores, according to their physical characteristics.
A Plants and animals, including humans, interact with and depend upon each other and their environment to satisfy their basic needs.
B Both human activities and natural events can have major impacts on the environment.
C Energy flows from the sun through producers to consumers.
A Scientific inquiry is a multifaceted activity; The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation.
B The processes of science frequently do not correspond to the traditional portrayal of "the scientific method."
C Scientific argumentation is a necessary part of scientific inquiry and plays an important role in the generation and validation of scientific knowledge.
D Scientific knowledge is based on observation and inference; it is important to recognize that these are very different things. Not only does science require creativity in its methods and processes, but also in its questions and explanations.
SC.3.N.1.1 Raise questions about the natural world, investigate them individually and in teams through free exploration and systematic investigations, and generate appropriate explanations based on those explorations.
SC.3.N.1.2 Compare the observations made by different groups using the same tools and seek reasons to explain the differences across groups.
SC.3.N.1.3 Keep records as appropriate, such as pictorial, written, or simple charts and graphs, of investigations conducted.
SC.3.N.1.4 Recognize the importance of communication among scientists.
SC.3.N.1.5 Recognize that scientists question, discuss, and check each others' evidence and explanations.
SC.3.N.3.3 Recognize that all models are approximations of natural phenomena; as such, they do not perfectly account for all observations.
SC.3.P Physical Science
SC.3.P.8 Properties of Matter
A All objects and substances in the world are made of matter. Matter has two fundamental properties: matter takes up space and matter has mass.
B Objects and substances can be classified by their physical and chemical properties. Mass is the amount of matter (or "stuff") in an object. Weight, on the other hand, is the measure of force of attraction (gravitational force) between an object and Earth.
SC.3.P.8.1 Measure and compare temperatures of various samples of solids and liquids.
SC.3.P.8.2 Measure and compare the mass and volume of solids and liquids.