1 Students in Geography-Eastern Hemisphere build an understanding of the cultural and social development of human civilization.
2 Students in Geography-Eastern Hemisphere analyze the spatial organizations of people, places, and environment on the earth's surface, explain how human actions modify the physical environment and how physical systems affect human activity and living conditions, trace the migration and settlement of human populations on the earth's surface, analyze the human and physical characteristics of different places and regions, and explain how geography enables people to comprehend the relationships between people, places, and environments overtime.
2.1 Analyze the spatial organizations of people, places, and environment on the earth's surface.
6-9.GEH.2.1.1 Explain and use the components of maps, compare different map projections, and explain the appropriate uses for each.
6-9.GEH.2.1.2 Apply latitude and longitude to locate places on Earth and describe the uses of technology, such as Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
6-9.GEH.2.1.3 Use mental maps to answer geographic questions.
6-9.GEH.2.1.4 Analyze visual and mathematical data presented in charts, tables, graphs, maps, and other graphic organizers to assist in interpreting a historical event.
2.2 Explain how human actions modify the physical environment and how physical systems affect human activity and living conditions.
6-9.GEH.2.2.1 Explain how Earth/sun relationships, ocean currents, and winds influence climate differences on Earth.
6-9.GEH.2.2.2 Locate, map, and describe the climate regions of the Eastern Hemisphere and their impact on human activity and living conditions.
6-9.GEH.2.2.3 Identify major biomes and explain ways in which the natural environment of places in the Eastern Hemisphere relates to their climate.
6-9.GEH.2.2.4 Explain how physical processes have shaped Earth's surface. Classify these processes according to those that have built up Earth's surface (mountain-building and alluvial deposition) and those that wear away at Earth's surface (erosion).
6-9.GEH.2.2.5 Analyze and give examples of the consequences of human impact on the physical environment and evaluate ways in which technology influences human capacity to modify the physical environment.
2.3 Trace the migration and settlement of human populations on the earth's surface.
6-9.GEH.2.3.1 Identify the names and locations of countries and major cities in the Eastern Hemisphere.
6-9.GEH.5.1.3 Define ethnocentrism and give examples of how this attitude can lead to cultural misunderstandings.
6-9.GEH.5.1.4 Discuss present conflicts between cultural groups and nation-states in the Eastern Hemisphere.
6-9.GEH.5.1.5 Give examples of the benefits of global connections, such as developing opportunities for trade, cooperating in seeking solutions to mutual problems, learning for technological advances, acquiring new perspectives, and benefiting from developments in architecture, music, and the arts.
6-9.GEH.5.1.6 Give examples of the causes and consequences of current global issues, such as the expansion of global markets, the urbanization of the developing world, the consumption of natural resources, and the extinction of species, and speculate possible responses by various individuals, groups, and nations.