9-10.W.1 Write routinely over a variety of time frames for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences; apply reading standards to support analysis, reflection, and research by drawing evidence from literature and nonfiction texts.
9-10.W.2 Students are expected to build upon and continue applying concepts learned previously.
9-10.W.3.1 Write arguments in a variety of forms that
9-10.W.3.1.a Introduce precise claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that establishes clear relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.
9-10.W.3.1.b Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly, supplying evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both in a manner that anticipates the audience's knowledge level and concerns.
9-10.W.3.1.c Use effective transitions to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims.
9-10.W.3.1.e Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.
9-10.W.3.2 Write informative compositions on a variety of topics that
9-10.W.3.2.a Introduce a topic; organize complex ideas, concepts, and information to make important connections and distinctions; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
9-10.W.3.2.b Develop the topic with well-chosen, relevant, and sufficient facts, extended definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience's knowledge of the topic.
9-10.W.3.3.f Provide an ending that follows from and reflects on what is experienced, observed, or resolved over the course of the narrative.
The Writing Process
9-10.W.4 Apply the writing process to
9-10.W.4.a Plan and develop; draft; revise using appropriate reference materials; rewrite; try a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience; and edit to produce and strengthen writing that is clear and coherent.
9-10.W.4.b Use technology to generate, produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology's capacity to link to other information and to display information flexibly and dynamically (e.g., use of publishing programs, integration of multimedia).
The Research Process
9-10.W.5 Conduct short as well as more sustained research assignments and tasks to build knowledge about the research process and the topic under study.
9-10.W.5.a Formulate an inquiry question, and refine and narrow the focus as research evolves.
9-10.W.5.b Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative sources, using advanced searches effectively, and annotate sources.
9-10.W.5.c Assess the usefulness of each source in answering the research question.
9-10.W.5.d Synthesize and integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas.
9-10.W.5.e Avoid plagiarism and overreliance on any one source and follow a standard format (e.g., MLA, APA) for citation.