11-12.RN.1 Read a variety of nonfiction within a range of complexity appropriate for grades 11-CCR. By the end of grade 11, students interact with texts proficiently and independently at the low end of the range and with scaffolding as needed for texts at the high end of the range. By the end of grade 12, students interact with texts proficiently and independently.
11-12.RN.2.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what a text says explicitly as well as inferences and interpretations drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.
11-12.RN.3.3 Determine an author's perspective or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective (e.g., appeals to both friendly and hostile audiences, anticipates and addresses reader concerns and counterclaims), analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness or beauty of the text.
11-12.RN.4.1 Delineate and evaluate the arguments and specific claims in seminal U.S. and world texts, assessing whether the reasoning is valid and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; identify false statements and fallacious reasoning.