Describe the weight and volume and measure the weight and volume of various objects.
5.1.1 Describe and measure the volume and weight of a sample of a given material.
5.1.2 Describe the difference between weight and mass. Understand that weight is dependent on gravity and mass is the amount of matter in a given substance or material.
Demonstrate that mass is conserved even when a substance has undergone a change in its state.
5.1.3 Demonstrate that regardless of how parts of an object are assembled the weight of the whole object is identical to the sum of the weight of the parts; however, the volume can differ from the sum of the volumes.
5.1.4 Determine if matter has been added or lost by comparing weights when melting, freezing or dissolving a sample of a substance.
2 Earth Science
Observe, describe and ask questions about patterns in the sun-moon-earth system.
5.2.1 Recognize that our earth is part of the solar system in which the sun, an average star, is the central and largest body. Observe that our solar system includes the sun, moon, seven other planets and their moons, and many other smaller objects like asteroids and comets.
5.2.2 Observe and use pictures to record how the sun appears to move across the sky in the same general way every day but rises and sets in different places as the seasons change.
5.2.3 In monthly intervals, observe and draw the length and direction of shadows cast by the sun at several chosen times during the day. Use the recorded data as evidence to explain how those shadows were affected by the relative position of the earth and sun.
5.2.4 Use a calendar to record observations of the shape of the moon and the rising and setting times over the course of a month. Based on the observations, describe patterns in the moon cycle.
3 Life Science
Observe, describe and ask questions about how changes in one part of an ecosystem create changes in other parts of the ecosystem.
5.3.1 Observe and classify common Indiana organisms as producers, consumers, decomposers, predator and prey based on their relationships and interactions with other organisms in their ecosystem.
5.3.2 Investigate the action of different decomposers and compare their role in an ecosystem with that of producers and consumers.
4 Science, Engineering and Technology
Design a prototype that replaces a function of a human body part.
5.4.1 Investigate technologies that mimic human or animal musculoskeletal systems in order to meet a need.