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Skills available for Indiana fifth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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Civics and Government



  • 4 Students describe the productive resources and market relationships that influence the way people produce goods and services and earn a living in the United States in different historical periods. Students consider the importance of economic decision making and how people make economic choices that influence their future.

    • 5.4.1 Describe the economic activities within and among Native American Indian cultures prior to contact with Europeans. Examine the economic incentives that helped motivate European exploration and colonization.

    • 5.4.2 Summarize a market economy and give examples of how the colonial and early American economy exhibited these characteristics.

    • 5.4.3 Define types of trade barriers.

    • 5.4.4 Describe the impact of technological developments and major inventions on business productivity during the early development of the United States.

    • 5.4.5 Explain how education and training, specialization, and investment in capital resources increase productivity.

    • 5.4.6 Use economic reasoning to explain why certain careers are more common in one region than in another region of the United States.

    • 5.4.7 Predict the effect of changes in supply and demand on price.

    • 5.4.8 Analyze how the causes and effects of changes in price of certain goods and services had significant influence on events in United States history.

    • 5.4.9 Explain the purpose and components of a personal budget and compare factors that influence household saving and spending decisions in early United States history and today.