3.1 On a map of the United States, locate the New England States (Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine) and the Atlantic Ocean. On a map of Massachusetts, locate major cities and towns, Cape Ann, Cape Cod, the Connecticut River, the Merrimack River, the Charles River, and the Berkshire Hills.
3.4 Explain how the Puritans and Pilgrims differed and identify early leaders in Massachusetts, such as John Winthrop; describe the daily life, education, and work of the Puritans in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
3.7 After reading a biography of a person from Massachusetts in one of the following categories, summarize the person's life and achievements.
A science and technology (e.g., Alexander Graham Bell, Nathaniel Bowditch, Robert Goddard, John Hayes Hammond, Edwin Land, Samuel Morse)
B the arts (e.g., Henry Adams, Louisa May Alcott, John Singleton Copley, Emily Dickinson, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Theodore Geisel, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Frederick Law Olmsted, Norman Rockwell, Henry David Thoreau, Phyllis Wheatley)
C business (e.g., William Filene, Amos Lawrence, Francis Cabot Lowell, An Wang);
D education, journalism, and health (e.g., Clara Barton, Horace Mann, William Monroe Trotter)
E political leadership (e.g., John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Susan B. Anthony, Edward Brooke, Benjamin Franklin, John F. Kennedy, Paul Revere)
3.11 Identify when the students' own town or city was founded, and describe the different groups of people who have settled in the community since its founding.
3.12 Explain how objects or artifacts of every day life in the past tell us how ordinary people lived and how everyday life has changed. Draw on the services of the local historical society and local museums as needed.
3.13 Give examples of goods and services provided by their local businesses and industries.