Students will develop and apply spatial perspective and geographic skills to make informed decisions regarding issues and current events at local, state, national and international levels.
The World in Spatial Terms
SS 4.3.1 Students will explore where (spatial) and why people, places and environments are organized in the state.
SS 4.3.1.a Read local and state maps and atlases to locate physical and human features in Nebraska. (e.g., the state of Nebraska, major cities in Nebraska, Lincoln, major rivers including the North Platte, South Platte, Platte, Niobrara and Missouri)
SS 4.3.1.b Apply map skills to analyze physical/political maps of the state (e.g., utilize grid systems to find locations, identify the location and purpose of time zones, identify and locate cities of the state identify relative and absolute locations east/west, north/south, left/right, next to)
SS 4.3.1.c Analyze why things in Nebraska are located where they are in Nebraska (e.g., Why are large cattle ranches found in the Sandhills? Why are major airports located near large cities?)
SS 4.3.1.d Differentiate between cities, states, countries, and continents
Places and Regions
SS 4.3.2 Students will compare the characteristics of places and regions and their impact on human decisions.
SS 4.3.2.a Identify criteria used to define regions within the state of Nebraska (e.g., soil, climate, precipitation, population, vegetation, land and agricultural usage)
SS 4.3.2.b Classify regions and places within the state of Nebraska using physical and human features (e.g., Sandhills, Pine Ridge, Loess Hills, Platte River Valley, rural/urban/suburban)
SS 4.3.2.c Identify and classify regions (e.g., counties and cities across Nebraska)
SS 4.3.3 Students will identify natural processes in the physical world.
SS 4.3.3.a Identify physical processes that shape Nebraska's features and patterns (e.g., weathering, erosion)
SS 4.3.3.b Identify examples of ecosystems located in Nebraska (e.g., forests, wetlands, grasslands, and rivers located in Nebraska)
SS 4.3.4 Students will compare and contrast the characteristics of culture statewide.
SS 4.3.4.a Compare and contrast patterns of culture within the state of Nebraska (e.g., language, religion, food)
SS 4.3.4.b Compare and contrast population characteristics of the state of Nebraska (e.g., density, distribution, growth rates)
SS 4.3.5 Students will identify how humans have adapted to and modified different environments in Nebraska.
SS 4.3.5.a Describe the impact of extreme natural events in Nebraska (e.g., tornadoes, floods, dust storm, insect infestation) on the human and physical environment
SS 4.3.5.b Describe how humans have adapted to and modified Nebraska's physical environment (e.g., progression of home construction materials from sod, timber, bricks and concrete; Homestead Act opened the prairie for agriculture; irrigation; Arbor Day: introduction of trees; rangeland management; soil conservation)
SS 4.3.5.c Classify resources as renewable or nonrenewable resources
SS 4.3.5.d Describe environmental issues in Nebraska (e.g., soil conservation, water stewardship, contour farming, minimum tillage, air quality, solid waste)
SS 4.3.5.e Describe human adaptations to the physical environment. (e.g., use of air conditioning, irrigation, agricultural activities)
Application of Geography to Issues and Events
SS 4.3.6 Students will use geographic skills to make connections to issues and events.
SS 4.3.6.a Identify how changes in human and physical geography have shaped Nebraska. (e.g., map major tornado paths, blizzards, floods, or droughts; how the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad and Interstate Highway system have impacted the way Nebraskans live)
SS 4.3.6.b Identify questions that help explain the interrelationships of human or physical geographic characteristics of places (e.g., A community is located on a river floodplain with fertile soil and water for transportation, irrigation, and human consumption)