1.SS.6-8.EWC.1 Construct compelling questions based upon disciplinary concepts.
1.SS.6-8.EWC.2 Evaluate various interpretations in answer to compelling questions within and across disciplines.
2 Creating supporting questions
2.SS.6-8.EWC.3 Generate supporting questions that will lead to inquiry and research on compelling issues within the discipline in order to answer compelling questions.
3 Gathering and evaluating sources
3.SS.6-8.EWC.4 Gather relevant information from multiple texts and evaluate the sourcing, context and corroboration of the texts with close reading and disciplinary skills.
3.SS.6-8.EWC.5 Seek multiple media sources when investigating current issues and evaluate the credibility and reliability of each.
4 Developing claims and using evidence
4.SS.6-8.EWC.6 Using varied source material, develop an argument based on substantive claims, with strong evidence, and clear reasoning.
4.SS.6-8.EWC.7 Examine different arguments while pointing out the strengths and limitations of each.
5 Communicating and critiquing conclusions
5.SS.6-8.EWC.8 Construct organized explanations for various audiences and purposes using evidence and reasoning.
5.SS.6-8.EWC.9 Participate in rigorous academic discussions, emphasizing multiple viewpoints in which claims and evidence is acknowledged and critiqued.
6 Taking informed action
6.SS.6-8.EWC.10 Draw on disciplinary concepts to explain the challenges people have faced, are facing, and opportunities they have created in addressing local, regional and global problems at various times and places.
6.SS.6-8.EWC.11 Apply a range of deliberative and democratic procedures to make decisions and take action regarding important contemporary issues.
Power and politics
H.SS.6-8.EWC.12 Compare rise and fall of kingdoms and empires across the ancient world with attention to governmental systems and political developments.
H.SS.6-8.EWC.15 Interpret historical events from a variety of historical and cultural perspectives including but not limited to: Romans vs. "barbarians," conquerors vs. conquered, Mongols vs. Ming Chinese.
People and ideas
H.SS.6-8.EWC.16 Investigate cultural developments within and across human societies with attention to belief systems, philosophies, ideologies, and the arts.
G.SS.6-8.EWC.29 Explain how global changes in population distribution patterns affect changes in land use in early civilizations including, but not limited to: rural vs. urban, major waterways, pandemics, slavery.
Critique exchange and markets
E.SS.6-8.EWC.30 Differentiate economic systems, patterns of trade and how those impact civilizations.