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Skills available for Nevada eighth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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As students become increasingly sophisticated and informed thinkers, they are provided opportunities to develop and apply skills that enhance critical thinking processes by developing and applying 21st Century Skills. Content literacy is the acquisition and application of reading, writing and oral communication skills to construct knowledge. Information, media, and technology literacy is the acquisition, organization, use, and evaluation of information that prepares students to be active, informed, and literate citizens. These skills are an essential part of the study of social studies and should be integrated within the content.

H1.0 Students understand the development, characteristics, and interaction of people, cultures, societies, religion, and ideas.

H2.0 Students understand the people, events, ideas, and conflicts that lead to the evolution of nations, empires, distinctive cultures, and political and economic ideas.

H3.0 Students understand how social ideas and individual action lead to social, political, economic, and technological change.

H4.0 Students understand the interaction and interdependence of nations around the world. Students understand the impact of economics, politics, religion, and culture on international relationships.

G5.0 Students use maps, globes, and other geographic tools and technologies to locate and extrapolate information about people, places, and environments.

G6.0 Students understand the physical and human features of places and use this information to define and study regions and their patterns of change.

G7.0 Students understand how economic, political, and cultural processes interact to shape patterns of human migration and settlement, influence and interdependence, and conflict and cooperation.

G8.0 Students understand effects of interactions between human and physical systems and the changes in use, distribution, and importance of resources.

  • G8.[6-8].1 Describe and predict the regional and global impact of changes in the physical environment.

  • G8.[6-8].2 Evaluate the role of technology in the human modification of the physical environment.

  • G8.[6-8].3 Describe the changes that result from human modification of the physical environment.

  • G8.[6-8].4 Discuss the impact of natural hazards on the use and distribution of resources.

  • G8.[6-8].5 Research a specific natural hazard and document its effects on human systems.

  • G8.[6-8].6 Define renewable, nonrenewable, and human resources.

  • G8.[6-8].7 Categorize and locate examples of renewable, nonrenewable, and human resources.

  • G8.[6-8].8 Evaluate different viewpoints regarding a resource.

E9.0 Students will understand how scarcity and incentives affect choices, how markets work, why markets form, how supply and demand interact to determine the market price, and how changes in prices act as economic signals to coordinate trade.

  • E9.[6-8].1 Discuss choices made by individuals including the concepts of opportunity cost and total benefit.

  • E9.[6-8].2 Identify factors that affect purchasing decisions such as:

    • Price

    • Income

    • Availability of substitutes

    • Self interest

  • E9.[6-8].3 Identify factors that affect producers' decisions to supply goods such as:

  • E9.[6-8].4 Discuss career paths considering:

    • Specific skills required

    • Wages

    • Impact of skills on wages

  • E9.[6-8].5 Demonstrate and explain an understanding of supply and demand in a market, i.e., law of supply and law of demand.

E10.0 Students will identify indicators used to measure economic performance, understand key aspects of how the economy acts as a system, and understand the roles of money, interest rates, savers, and borrowers, financial institutions, and the central bank in our economy.

  • E10.[6-8].1 Describe the transition from the use of commodities as money to the use of modern forms of money.

  • E10.[6-8].2 Illustrate how prices stated in money terms help people compare the value of products.

  • E10.[6-8].3 Explain why riskier loans command higher interest rates than safer loans.

  • E10.[6-8].4 Identify the pros and cons of paying with cash versus using credit.

  • E10.[6-8].5 Compare the rewards and risks of saving money in financial institutions.

  • E10.[6-8].6 Explain the circular flow of economic activity.

  • E10.[6-8].7 Explain how the current utilization of a productive resource affects the availability of that resource in the future.

  • E10.[6-8].8 Explain how inflation affects individuals as they use their incomes to buy goods and services.

  • E10.[6-8].9 Identify factors that can affect an individual's likelihood of being unemployed, and give examples of the costs of unemployment to the economy as a whole.

  • E10.[6-8].10 Determine per capita GDP using data on population and GDP for several countries then compare with the United States.

  • E10.[6-8].11 Explain gross domestic product (GDP) and how it is used to describe a country's economic output.

  • E10.[6-8].12 Compare the buying power of the U.S. dollar in one year with its buying power in another year using the consumer price index (CPI).

  • E10.[6-8].13 Distinguish between a high rate and a low rate of unemployment for the U.S. economy over time.

  • E10.[6-8].14 Explain the purposes and functions of financial institutions by comparing and contrasting the services, and evaluate the risks and rewards to borrowers and savers.

E11.0 Students will identify the causes of economic change, explain how the U.S. economic system responds to those changes; and explain how other economic systems respond to change.

  • E11.[6-8].1 Describe for-profit and not-for-profit organizations and explain why not-for-profit organizations are tax exempt.

  • E11.[6-8].2 Explain how investment in either physical capital or human capital improves standards of living by increasing productivity.

  • E11.[6-8].3 Determine the advantages and disadvantages of being an entrepreneur.

  • E11.[6-8].4 Give examples of how specialization is facilitated by trade.

  • E11.[6-8].5 Illustrate how competition among sellers decreases prices, while competition among buyers increases prices.

  • E11.[6-8].6 Identify the role of government in a market economy regarding:

    • Public goods

    • Externalities

    • Monopoly power

    • Redistribution of income

    • Definition and protection of property rights

  • E11.[6-8].7 Discuss the rise of the merchant class, the development of mercantilism and the move toward industrialization.

  • E11.[6-8].8 Define stereotypical economic systems by contrasting:

    • capitalism and socialism

    • command economy and market economy

  • E11.[6-8].9 Explain ways in which households, schools, or community groups allocate resources.

  • E11.[6-8].10 Explain how consumer and producer reactions to price changes affect resource allocation.

E12.0 Students will explore trends in international trade, the impact of trade on the U.S. economy, and the role of exchange rates.

  • E12.[6-8].1 Describe how the exchange of goods and services around the world creates interdependence among people in different countries and effects standards of living.

  • E12.[6-8].2 Explain how a change in the exchange rate affects purchasing power.

  • E12.[6-8].3 Describe the rise of international economies, the emergence of capitalism and free markets around the world.

  • E12.[6-8].4 Explain how governments use tariffs or quotas to restrict trade.

C13.0 Students know why society needs rules, laws, and government and understand the roles, rights, and responsibilities of citizens.

C14.0 U.S., State, and Local Governments - Students understand the U.S. Constitution and the government it creates, including the relationship between national and sub-national governments, as well as the structure and function of state and local governments.

C15.0 Students describe the roles of political parties, elections, interest groups, media, and public opinion in the democratic process.

  • C15.[6-8].1 Describe the election process.

  • C15.[6-8].2 Provide examples of how political parties have changed.

  • C15.[6-8].3 Identify the impact of interest groups and public opinion on the political process.

  • C15.[6-8].4 Identify the influence of the media in forming public opinion.

  • C15.[6-8].5 Identify propaganda and persuasion in political advertising and literature.

  • C15.[6-8].6 Provide examples of contemporary public issues that may require public solutions.

C16.0 Students explain the different political systems in the world and how those systems relate to the United States and its citizens.

  • C16.[6-8].1 Define the characteristics of a country:

  • C16.[6-8].2 Define the world's major political systems:

    • Monarchy

    • Totalitarian dictatorship

    • Democratic systems

      • presidential systems

      • parliamentary systems

    • Socialism

    • Communism

  • C16.[6-8].3 Identify nations that play a significant role in U.S. foreign policy.

  • C16.[6-8].4 Define foreign policy and describe ways nations interact diplomatically, i.e., treaties, trade, humanitarian aid, and military intervention.

  • C16.[6-8].5 List and describe international organizations, i.e., the United Nations, World Bank, Amnesty International, and the International Red Cross.