4 Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and recognize the historical development of ideas in science.
1 The Earth and celestial phenomena can be described by principles of relative motion and perspective.
1.1 Describe patterns of daily, monthly, and seasonal changes in their environment.
1.1a Natural cycles and patterns include:
Earth spinning around once every 24 hours (rotation), resulting in day and night
Earth moving in a path around the Sun (revolution), resulting in one Earth year
the length of daylight and darkness varying with the seasons
weather changing from day to day and through the seasons
3.1e The material(s) an object is made up of determine some specific properties of the object (sink/ float, conductivity, magnetism). Properties can be observed or measured with tools such as hand lenses, metric rulers, thermometers, balances, magnets, circuit testers, and graduated cylinders.
4.1c Some materials transfer energy better than others (heat and electricity).
4.1d Energy and matter interact: water is evaporated by the Sun s heat; a bulb is lighted by means of electrical current; a musical instrument is played to produce sound; dark colors may absorb light, light colors may reflect light.
4.1e Electricity travels in a closed circuit.
4.1f Heat can be released in many ways, for example, by burning, rubbing (friction) , or combining one substance with another.
4.1g Interactions with forms of energy can be either helpful or harmful.
4.2 Observe the way one form of energy can be transferred into another form of energy present in common situations (e.g. , mechanical to heat energy, mechanical to electrical energy, chemical to heat energy).
4.2a Everyday events involve one form of energy being changed to another.