2.1 A community is a population of various individuals in a common location. It can be characterized as urban, suburban, or rural. Population density and use of the land are some characteristics that define and distinguish types of communities.
2.1a An urban community, or city, is characterized by dense population and land occupied primarily by buildings and structures that are used for residential and business purposes.
By discussing different types of housing (apartment, single-family house, etc.) and the proximity of houses to each other, students will understand the term "population density" and how it applies to different communities.
2.1d Activities available for people living in urban, suburban, and rural communities are different. The type of community a person grows up in will affect a person's development and identity.
Students will identify activities that are available in each type of community, and discuss how those activities affect the people living in that community.
Students will examine how land within a community is used and classify land use as "residential" (used for housing), "industrial" (used to make things), "commercial" (used to provide services), and "recreational" (where people play or do sports).
Students will create maps including maps that represent their classroom, school, or community, and maps that illustrate places in stories.
2.5b The location of physical features and natural resources often affects where people settle and may affect how those people sustain themselves.
Students will compare how different communities in their state or nation have developed, and explain how physical features of the community affect the people living there.
2.5c Humans modify the environment of their communities through housing, transportation systems, schools, marketplaces, and recreation areas.
Students will explore how humans have positively and negatively affected the environment of their community though such features as roads, highways, buildings, bridges, shopping malls, railroads, and parks.
Students will describe the means people create for moving people, goods, and ideas in their communities.
2.5d The location and place of physical features and man-made structures can be described using symbols and specific geography vocabulary.
Students will use a compass rose to identify cardinal (North, South, East, West) and intermediate (Northeast, Southeast, Southwest, Northwest) directions on maps and in their community.
2.6b Continuities and changes over time in communities can be examined by interpreting evidence such as maps, population charts, photographs, newspapers, biographies, artifacts, and other historical materials.
Students will examine continuities and changes over time in their community, using evidence such as maps, population charts, photographs, newspapers, biographies, artifacts, and other historical materials.
Students will develop a time line for their community, including important events, such as when the school was built.
2.7 Cause-and-effect relationships help us recount events and understand historical development.
2.7a Cause-and-effect relationships help us understand the changes in communities.
Students will distinguish between cause and effect and will examine changes in their community in terms of cause and effect (e.g., automobiles and the growth of suburbs, growing population in suburban areas, and reduction of farms).
2.8 Communities face different challenges in meeting their needs and wants.
2.8a The availability of resources to meet basic needs varies across urban, suburban, and rural communities.
Students will investigate what resources are available in their community and what resources are obtained from neighboring communities.
2.9b Members of a community specialize in different types of jobs that provide goods and/or services to the community. Community workers such as teachers, firefighters, sanitation workers, and police officers provide services.
Students will identify different types of jobs performed in their community.
Students will explain the services provided by community workers.
2.9c At times, neighboring communities share resources and workers to support multiple communities.
Students will explore how communities share resources and services with other communities.