1-4 Developing and sustaining foundational language skills
1 Listening, speaking, discussion, and thinking--oral language. The student develops oral language through listening, speaking, and discussion.
A listen actively to interpret a message and ask clarifying questions that build on others' ideas;
B follow and give complex oral instructions to perform specific tasks, answer questions, or solve problems;
C present a critique of a literary work, film, or dramatic production, employing eye contact, speaking rate, volume, enunciation, a variety of natural gestures, and conventions of language to communicate ideas effectively; and
D engage in meaningful discourse and provide and accept constructive feedback from others.
2 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--vocabulary. The student uses newly acquired vocabulary expressively.
A use print or digital resources to determine the meaning, syllabication, pronunciation, word origin, and part of speech;
3 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--fluency. The student reads grade-level text with fluency and comprehension. The student is expected to adjust fluency when reading grade-level text based on the reading purpose.
4 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--self-sustained reading. The student reads grade-appropriate texts independently. The student is expected to self-select text and read independently for a sustained period of time.
5 Comprehension skills
5 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses metacognitive skills to both develop and deepen comprehension of increasingly complex texts.
A establish purpose for reading assigned and self-selected texts;
I reflect on and adjust responses as new evidence is presented.
7-8 Multiple genres
7 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--literary elements. The student recognizes and analyzes literary elements within and across increasingly complex traditional, contemporary, classical, and diverse literary texts.
A infer multiple themes within and across texts using text evidence;
B analyze how characters' qualities influence events and resolution of the conflict;
C analyze plot elements, including the use of foreshadowing and suspense, to advance the plot; and
D analyze how the setting influences character and plot development.
8 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--genres. The student recognizes and analyzes genre-specific characteristics, structures, and purposes within and across increasingly complex traditional, contemporary, classical, and diverse texts.
A demonstrate knowledge of literary genres such as realistic fiction, adventure stories, historical fiction, mysteries, humor, myths, fantasy, and science fiction;
B analyze the effect of rhyme scheme, meter, and graphical elements such as punctuation and capitalization in poems across a variety of poetic forms;
iii identifying the intended audience or reader; and
F analyze characteristics of multimodal and digital texts.
9 Author's purpose and craft
9 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses critical inquiry to analyze the authors' choices and how they influence and communicate meaning within a variety of texts. The student analyzes and applies author's craft purposefully in order to develop his or her own products and performances.
A explain the author's purpose and message within a text;
10 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.
A plan a first draft by selecting a genre appropriate for a particular topic, purpose, and audience using a range of strategies such as discussion, background reading, and personal interests;