8.1 Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, discussion, and thinking--oral language. The student develops oral language through listening, speaking, and discussion.
8.1.A listen actively to interpret a message by summarizing, asking questions, and making comments;
8.1.B follow and give complex oral instructions to perform specific tasks, answer questions, or solve problems;
8.1.C advocate a position using anecdotes, analogies, and/or illustrations employing eye contact, speaking rate, volume, enunciation, a variety of natural gestures, and conventions of language to communicate ideas effectively; and
8.1.D participate collaboratively in discussions, plan agendas with clear goals and deadlines, set time limits for speakers, take notes, and vote on key issues.
8.2 Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--vocabulary. The student uses newly acquired vocabulary expressively.
8.2.A use print or digital resources to determine the meaning, syllabication, pronunciation, word origin, and part of speech;
8.3 Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--fluency. The student reads grade-level text with fluency and comprehension. The student is expected to adjust fluency when reading grade-level text based on the reading purpose.
8.4 Developing and sustaining foundational language skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--self-sustained reading. The student reads grade-appropriate texts independently. The student is expected to self-select text and read independently for a sustained period of time.
8.5 Comprehension skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses metacognitive skills to both develop and deepen comprehension of increasingly complex texts.
8.5.A establish purpose for reading assigned and self-selected texts;
8.7 Multiple genres: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--literary elements. The student recognizes and analyzes literary elements within and across increasingly complex traditional, contemporary, classical, and diverse literary texts.
8.7.A analyze how themes are developed through the interaction of characters and events;
8.7.B analyze how characters' motivations and behaviors influence events and resolution of the conflict;
8.7.C analyze non-linear plot development such as flashbacks, foreshadowing, subplots, and parallel plot structures and compare it to linear plot development; and
8.7.D explain how the setting influences the values and beliefs of characters.
8.8 Multiple genres: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--genres. The student recognizes and analyzes genre-specific characteristics, structures, and purposes within and across increasingly complex traditional, contemporary, classical, and diverse texts.
8.8.A demonstrate knowledge of literary genres such as realistic fiction, adventure stories, historical fiction, mysteries, humor, fantasy, science fiction, and short stories;
8.8.B analyze the effect of graphical elements such as punctuation and line length in poems across a variety of poetic forms such as epic, lyric, and humorous poetry;
8.8.C analyze how playwrights develop dramatic action through the use of acts and scenes;
8.8.D analyze characteristics and structural elements of informational text, including:
8.8.D.i the controlling idea or thesis with supporting evidence;
8.8.F analyze characteristics of multimodal and digital texts.
8.9 Author's purpose and craft: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses critical inquiry to analyze the authors' choices and how they influence and communicate meaning within a variety of texts. The student analyzes and applies author's craft purposefully in order to develop his or her own products and performances.
8.9.A explain the author's purpose and message within a text;
8.10 Composition: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.
8.10.A plan a first draft by selecting a genre appropriate for a particular topic, purpose, and audience using a range of strategies such as discussion, background reading, and personal interests;
8.12 Inquiry and research: listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student engages in both short-term and sustained recursive inquiry processes for a variety of purposes.
8.12.A generate student-selected and teacher-guided questions for formal and informal inquiry;
8.12.B develop and revise a plan;
8.12.C refine the major research question, if necessary, guided by the answers to a secondary set of questions;
8.12.D identify and gather relevant information from a variety of sources;