1-4 Developing and sustaining foundational language skills
1 Listening, speaking, discussion, and thinking--oral language. The student develops oral language through listening, speaking, and discussion.
A listen actively to interpret a message by summarizing, asking questions, and making comments;
B follow and give complex oral instructions to perform specific tasks, answer questions, or solve problems;
C advocate a position using anecdotes, analogies, and/or illustrations employing eye contact, speaking rate, volume, enunciation, a variety of natural gestures, and conventions of language to communicate ideas effectively; and
D participate collaboratively in discussions, plan agendas with clear goals and deadlines, set time limits for speakers, take notes, and vote on key issues.
2 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--vocabulary. The student uses newly acquired vocabulary expressively.
A use print or digital resources to determine the meaning, syllabication, pronunciation, word origin, and part of speech;
3 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--fluency. The student reads grade-level text with fluency and comprehension. The student is expected to adjust fluency when reading grade-level text based on the reading purpose.
4 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking--self-sustained reading. The student reads grade-appropriate texts independently. The student is expected to self-select text and read independently for a sustained period of time.
5 Comprehension skills
5 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses metacognitive skills to both develop and deepen comprehension of increasingly complex texts.
A establish purpose for reading assigned and self-selected texts;
7 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--literary elements. The student recognizes and analyzes literary elements within and across increasingly complex traditional, contemporary, classical, and diverse literary texts.
A analyze how themes are developed through the interaction of characters and events;
B analyze how characters' motivations and behaviors influence events and resolution of the conflict;
C analyze non-linear plot development such as flashbacks, foreshadowing, subplots, and parallel plot structures and compare it to linear plot development; and
D explain how the setting influences the values and beliefs of characters.
8 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--genres. The student recognizes and analyzes genre-specific characteristics, structures, and purposes within and across increasingly complex traditional, contemporary, classical, and diverse texts.
A demonstrate knowledge of literary genres such as realistic fiction, adventure stories, historical fiction, mysteries, humor, fantasy, science fiction, and short stories;
B analyze the effect of graphical elements such as punctuation and line length in poems across a variety of poetic forms such as epic, lyric, and humorous poetry;
C analyze how playwrights develop dramatic action through the use of acts and scenes;
D analyze characteristics and structural elements of informational text, including:
i the controlling idea or thesis with supporting evidence;
F analyze characteristics of multimodal and digital texts.
9 Author's purpose and craft
9 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts. The student uses critical inquiry to analyze the authors' choices and how they influence and communicate meaning within a variety of texts. The student analyzes and applies author's craft purposefully in order to develop his or her own products and performances.
A explain the author's purpose and message within a text;
10 Listening, speaking, reading, writing, and thinking using multiple texts--writing process. The student uses the writing process recursively to compose multiple texts that are legible and uses appropriate conventions.
A plan a first draft by selecting a genre appropriate for a particular topic, purpose, and audience using a range of strategies such as discussion, background reading, and personal interests;