SS.8.2 Evaluate how citizens can influence and participate in government at the local, state and national levels and assume the role of an active citizen participating in the democratic process (e.g., lobbying, voting, community service, letter writing and school elections).
SS.8.4 Differentiate between the division of powers and responsibilities for each of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the United States and West Virginia governments, describe the system of checks and balances, and explore local forms of government.
SS.8.4.a Analyze the functions and jurisdictions of the federal, state, local and special courts (e.g., United States Supreme Court, state supreme court, circuit courts, magistrate courts and family courts).
SS.8.7 Correlate West Virginia economic conditions with the effects on its citizens (e.g., employment, population, migration and health).
SS.8.8 Analyze the impact of absentee ownership, renewable and nonrenewable natural resources, labor unionization and the development of infrastructure on the economic growth of West Virginia (e.g., railroad, major highways, internet and cellular service).
SS.8.9 Research and cite industries and products that are vital to the economy of the four regions of West Virginia both past and present, and categorize the related occupations (e.g., tourism, coal, glass, timber, chemical, oil, natural gas, agriculture service industries and gaming).
SS.8.10 Identify major sources of revenue and their use by West Virginia state and local governments (e.g., property tax, income tax, licenses, excise tax, severance tax, levies/bonds, gaming and lottery).
SS.8.11 Compare and contrast the effects of technological/industrial advances as they relate to economy vs. environment and their effects on the demographic profile of West Virginia (e.g., entrepreneurial businesses, agriculture, tourism, education, interstate commuters, mining and natural gas).
SS.8.12 Examine financial aid planning opportunities and programs to help students and families make sound college savings decisions.
SS.8.14 Identify the 55 counties and major cities of West Virginia on a map and explain the reason for the development of the major cities in their respective locations.
SS.8.15 Investigate climate, landforms, natural resources and population density in West Virginia's geographical regions using special purpose maps and evaluate the impact of people's lives and settlement patterns using Geographical Information Systems, topographical maps, climate and census maps.
SS.8.16 Illustrate how technological advances have affected the cultural isolation of West Virginia (e.g., worldwide web, satellite communications, electronic devices and social media).
SS.8.17 Analyze the geographic factors that led to development of agricultural, coal, glass, chemical, metallurgic and tourism industries in West Virginia (e.g., floods and coal mining disasters).
SS.8.18 Identify West Virginia's exact and relative location on a variety of maps and globes by using correct geographic vocabulary and graphic displays (e.g., neighboring states, Tropic of Capricorn, time zones and Equator).
SS.8.20.b Summarize the history of European exploration and settlement in western Virginia from the first endeavor of John Lederer through the settlement period including Morgan and other important explorers and settlers.
SS.8.21 Demonstrate an understanding of the American Revolution, including western Virginia's part in the development of the nation.
SS.8.21.a Compare and contrast the perspectives and roles of different western Virginians during the American Revolution including those of political leaders, soldiers, patriots, Tories/Loyalists, women and Native Americans.
SS.8.21.b Identify the key conflicts, battles and people of the American Revolution in western Virginia and their effects on the area (e.g., Battle of Point Pleasant, Siege of Fort Henry, Attacks at Fort Randolph and Fort Donnally).
SS.8.21.c Summarize events related to the adoption of Virginia's constitutional conventions, the role of western Virginia and its leaders in the Continental Congress, and the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.
SS.8.21.d Explain the economic and political tensions between the people of western and eastern Virginia including the economic struggles of both groups following the American Revolution and their disagreement over representation.
SS.8.22.b Describe the moral, ethical and legal tensions that led to the creation of the new state of West Virginia and how these tensions were resolved (e.g., Virginia vs. West Virginia 1871).
SS.8.22.c Compare and contrast the military strategies of the North and South with regard to specific events and geographic locations in West Virginia (e.g., the Battle of Philippi, Rich Mountain, Droop Mountain, Battle of Scary Creek and Battle of Carnifex Ferry).
SS.8.23.b Compare and contrast the West Virginia Constitutions of 1862 and 1872.
SS.8.23.c Summarize the changes that occurred in West Virginia agriculture and industry during the late nineteenth century, including changes in family life in various regions and the growth of industry.
SS.8.23.d Explain the significance of increased immigration into the United States in the late nineteenth century to West Virginia, including cultural and economic contributions of immigrants, opportunities and struggles experienced by immigrants, increased racial hostility and the effect of racial and ethnic diversity on national identity.