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Skills available for Arkansas eighth-grade social studies standards

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  • H.4 Students will understand key historical periods from Civil War and Reconstruction, 1850–1877 (Era 5), to the Emergence of a Modern America, 1890–1930 (Era 7). This includes the patterns of social, economic, and political change over time and the ways people view, construct, and interpret the history of the United States.

  • H.5 Students will understand key historical periods from the Emergence of Modern America, 1890–1930 (Era 7), to the Contemporary United States, 1968 to Present (Era 10). This includes the patterns of social, economic, and political change over time and the ways people view, construct, and interpret the history of the United States.

    • Era 7: 1890–1930, Emergence of Modern America

      • H.5.8.1 Explain the origins, development, and impact of American expansionism, including the geographic effects of acquiring new territories, the expansionist foreign policy under William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, and William Taft, and the role of the Spanish-American War: annexation of Alaska, Hawaii, Panama Canal, acquisition of federally protected land such as national parks, role of yellow journalism, Treaty of Paris (annexation of Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam), and Open Door Policy with East Asia.

      • H.5.8.2 Analyze motives for and significance of America's entry into World War I, including the sinking of the RMS Lusitania, the Zimmerman Telegram, unrestricted submarine warfare, the Argonne Offensive, and key military leaders (e.g., General John J. Pershing and Alvin York).

      • H.5.8.3 Investigate political, social, and technological outcomes of World War I on American society: new weapons in warfare, women entering the workforce, Espionage and Sedition Acts, and Wilson's Fourteen Points and the ratification debate of the Treaty of Versailles.

      • H.5.8.4 Analyze the changing role of the United States in the world from 1890–1930 and the effects on future eras.

      • H.5.8.5 Investigate the impact of Progressive Era reformers and ideas: Booker T. Washington vs. W.E.B. DuBois on civil rights, John Dewey on education, Jane Addams on social work, and rise of religious liberalism, Social Darwinism, and the eugenics movement.

      • H.5.8.6 Analyze short- and long-term effects of Progressive Era reforms at the local, state, and national levels: food safety laws (e.g., Pure Food and Drug Act, Meat Packing Act), industry and labor regulations (e.g., bans against child labor, Sherman Anti-Trust Act, Clayton Anti-Trust Act), progressive legislation (e.g., adoption of initiative, referendum, recall, 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th Amendments), social and labor movements (e.g., populism, civil service reform, temperance, the Granger Movement).

      • H.5.8.7 Evaluate the effects of key political issues of the 1910s and 1920s: nativism and cultural assimilation (e.g., Emergency Quota Act, Sacco and Vanzetti), racial discrimination and civil rights (e.g., continued presence of Ku Klux Klan, founding of NAACP, Elaine Race Massacre, Tulsa Race Massacre), indigenous rights (e.g., Indian Citizenship Act, United States vs. Winans), and rise of Communism/Marxism: (e.g., First Red Scare, J. Edgar Hoover).

      • H.5.8.8 Examine reasons for and effects of social, economic, political, and cultural changes during the 1920s, including the Harlem Renaissance, Great Migration, Prohibition, and financial and consumer trends such as the rise of the automobile, buying on credit, advertising, household products, sports, and the arts.