1 Students will interpret spatial information using geographic representations.
WST.1.7.1 Evaluate the characteristics, functions, advantages, and disadvantages of various geographic representations and geospatial technologies for analyzing spatial patterns and distributions (e.g., maps, diagrams, aerial photographs, remotely sensed images, geographic visualization, global positioning systems, geographic information systems)
WST.1.7.2 Construct geographic representations for the purpose of asking and answering specific geographic questions
WST.1.7.3 Explain relationships between places and regions using geographic representations
WST.1.7.4 Analyze how environmental and cultural characteristics of places and regions have changed over time
2 Students will analyze the spatial organization of people, places, and environments on Earth's surface.
WST.2.7.1 Construct visual and written explanations of the spatial organization and spatial patterns of people, places, and environments
WST.2.7.2 Compare spatial connections among people, places, and their environments over time
WST.2.7.3 Use spatial data to answer questions and resolve problems about pat terns reflecting physical and human phenomena
3 Students will analyze regions created through cultural, human, and physical characteristics.
WST.3.7.1 Analyze the combinations of physical and human characteristics that make places and regions similar to and different from other places and regions
WST.3.7.2 Analyze perceptions people have of places and regions around the world based on direct experiences (e.g., living in a place, travel) and indirect experiences (e.g., media, books, family, friends)
4 Students will apply geographic skills and tools to interpret the past, the present, and plan for the future.
WST.4.7.1 Explain physical and cultural changes in places and regions over time using a variety of sources including geographic representations (e.g., boundaries, languages, beliefs, climate, technology, migration)
WST.4.7.2 Analyze the influence of geography on cur rent events, issues, and in planning for the future using a variety of sources including geographic representations and available geospatial technology
5 Students will analyze the demographics and migration of human population and settlement over time.
HS.5.7.1 Examine the variations of populations in different places and regions using demographics
HS.5.7.2 Analyze spatial patterns and consequences of settlement and migration (e.g., voluntary and involuntary, seasonal, short- and long-term migration, push- pull- factors)
6 Students will evaluate the characteristics, distribution, and complexity of cultural regions.
HS.6.7.1 Examine the cultural characteristics of various regions (e.g., celebrations, language, child-rearing, clothing, food, beliefs, behaviors)
HS.6.7.2 Analyze reasons for and effects of cultural diffusion, cultural convergence, and cultural divergence in and across various regions
7 Students will analyze patterns and networks of economic interdependence among regions.
HS.7.7.1 Explain primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary economic activities
HS.7.7.2 Compare advantages and disadvantages of one location over another in the access to factors of production (e.g., human resources, natural resources, capital resources, entrepreneurship)
HS.7.7.3 Analyze movements of people, products, and ideas through transportation and communication networks and how they vary among regions (e.g., regional, global)
8 Students will analyze causes and effects of cooperation and conflict among people.
HS.8.7.1 Examine physical and human characteristics that influence the division and control of Earth's surface (e.g., resources, land use, ethnicity, national identities)
HS.8.7.2 Explain levels of cooperation among people in various places and regions who solve human and environmental issues
HS.8.7.3 Analyze conflicting territorial claims from multiple perspectives (e.g., water sources or access, mineral rights, natural resources)
Environment and Society
9 Students will analyze the interactions between humans and the environment.
ES.9.7.1 Examine ways people have adapted to the physical environment over time (e.g., technology, habitation, transportation, agriculture, communication)
ES.9.7.2 Describe symbiotic relationships between humans and their physical environments
ES.9.7.3 Analyze positive and negative consequences of human changes on the physical environment
ES.9.7.4 Examine human induced changes in one place or region and its effects on other places or regions (e.g., flood control, deforestation, factories, electric power generation)
10 Students will evaluate patterns of change and continuity in the distribution and consumption of resources.
ES.10.7.1 Explain how culture has influenced decisions about the use of resources over time
ES.10.7.2 Examine physical and human processes that influence formation and sustainability of resources
ES.10.7.3 Evaluate the sustainability of resources achieved through civic actions