1 History develops moral understanding, defines identity and creates an appreciation of how things change while building skills in judgment and decision-making. History enhances the ability to read varied sources and develop the skills to analyze, interpret and communicate.
1 Identify historical sources and utilize the tools of a historian
a Identify community and regional historical artifacts and generate questions about their function and significance
b Explain the past through oral or written firsthand accounts of history
c Explain the information conveyed by historical timelines
d Identify history as the story of the past preserved in various sources
e Create timelines to understand the development of important community traditions and events
2 People have influenced the history of neighborhoods and communities
a Organize the historical events of neighborhoods and communities chronologically
b Compare and contrast past and present situations, people, and events in neighborhoods, communities, and the nation
c Give examples of people and events, and developments that brought important changes to the community
e Describe the history, interaction, and contribution of the various peoples and cultures that have lived in or migrated to neighborhoods and communities
2 Geography provides students with an understanding of spatial perspectives and technologies for spatial analysis, awareness of interdependence of world regions and resources and how places are connected at local, national and global scales.
1 Geographic terms and tools are used to describe space and place
a Use map keys, legends, symbols, intermediate directions, and compass rose to derive information from various maps
d Identify examples of physical features that affect human activity
e Describe how the size and the character of a community change over time for geographic reasons
3 Economics teaches how society manages its scarce resources, how people make decisions, how people interact in the domestic and international markets, and how forces and trends affect the economy as a whole. Personal financial literacy applies the economic way of thinking to help individuals understand how to manage their own scarce resources using a logical decision-making process of prioritization based on analysis of the costs and benefits of every choice.
1 The scarcity of resources affects the choices of individuals and communities
2 Apply decision-making processes to financial decisions
a Identify components of financial decision-making including gathering, evaluating, and prioritizing information based on a financial goal, and predicting the possible outcome of a decision
b Differentiate between a long-term and a short-term goal
4 Civics teaches the complexity of the origins, structure, and functions of governments; the rights, roles and responsibilities of ethical citizenship; the importance of law; and the skills necessary to participate in all levels of government.
1 Responsible community members advocate for their ideas
a List ways that people express their ideas respectfully
b Identify how people monitor and influence decisions in their community
c Describe ways in which you can take an active part in improving your school or community
d Identify and give examples of civic responsibilities that are important to individuals, families, and communities
e Describe important characteristics of a responsible community member
2 People use multiple ways to resolve conflicts or differences
a Give examples of ways that individuals, groups, and communities manage conflict and promote equality, justice, and responsibility