The NGSS in Massachusetts

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Skills available for Massachusetts fourth-grade science standards

Standards are in black and IXL science skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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4-ESS Earth and Space Sciences

4-LS Life Science

4-PS Physical Science

  • 4-PS3 Energy

    • 4-PS3-1 Use evidence to construct an explanation relating the speed of an object to the energy of that object.

    • 4-PS3-2 Make observations to show that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents.

    • 4-PS3-3 Ask questions and predict outcomes about the changes in energy that occur when objects collide.

    • 4-PS3-4 Apply scientific principles of energy and motion to test and refine a device that converts kinetic energy to electrical energy or uses stored energy to cause motion or produce light or sound.

  • 4-PS4 Waves and their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

    • 4-PS4-1 Develop a model of a simple mechanical wave (including sound) to communicate that waves (a) are regular patterns of motion along which energy travels, and (b) can cause objects to move.

    • 4-PS4-2 Develop a model to describe that light must reflect off an object and enter the eye for the object to be seen.

    • 4-PS4-3 Develop and compare multiple ways to transfer information through encoding, sending, receiving, and decoding a pattern.

4-ETS Technology/Engineering

  • 4-ETS1 Engineering Design

    • 4.3-5-ETS1-3 Plan and carry out tests of one or more design features of a given model or prototype in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify which features need to be improved. Apply the results of tests to redesign a model or prototype.

    • 4.3-5-ETS1-5(MA) Evaluate relevant design features that must be considered in building a model or prototype of a solution to a given design problem.