6.MS-ESS1-1a Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to explain the causes of lunar phases and eclipses of the sun and moon.
6.MS-ESS1-4 Analyze and interpret rock layers and index fossils to determine the relative ages of rock formations that result from processes occurring over long periods of time.
Strata sequences that have been reordered or overturned, names of specific periods or epochs and events within them, or the identification and naming of minerals or rock types are not expected in state assessment.
6.MS-ESS1-5(MA) Use graphical displays to illustrate that Earth and its solar system are one of many in of the Milky Way galaxy, which is one of billions of galaxies in the universe.
6.MS-ESS2 Earth's Systems
6.MS-ESS2-3 Analyze and interpret maps showing the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence that Earth's plates have moved great distances, collided, and spread apart.
Mechanisms for plate motion or paleomagnetic anomalies in oceanic and continental crust are not expected in state assessment.
6.MS-LS Life Science
6.MS-LS1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
6.MS-LS1-1 Provide evidence that all organisms (unicellular and multicellular) are made of cells.
6.MS-LS1-2 Develop and use a model to describe how parts of cells contribute to the cellular functions of obtaining food, water, and other nutrients from its environment, disposing of wastes, and providing energy for cellular processes.
Specific biochemical steps or chemical processes, the role of ATP, active transport processes involving the cell membrane, or identifying or comparing different types of cells are not expected in state assessment.
6.MS-LS1-3 Construct an argument supported by evidence that the body systems interact to carry out essential functions of life.
The mechanism of one body system independent of others or the biochemical processes involved in body systems are not expected in state assessment.
Describing the function or comparing different types of cells, tissues, or organs are not expected in state assessment.
6.MS-LS4 Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity
6.MS-LS4-1 Analyze and interpret evidence from the fossil record to describe organisms and their environment, extinctions, and changes to life forms throughout the history of Earth.
Names of individual species, geological eras in the fossil record, or mechanisms for extinction or speciation are not expected in state assessment.
6.MS-LS4-2 Construct an argument using anatomical structures to support evolutionary relationships among and between fossil organisms and modern organisms.
6.MS-PS Physical Science
6.MS-PS1 Matter and Its Interactions
6.MS-PS1-6 Plan and conduct an experiment involving exothermic and endothermic chemical reactions to measure and describe the release or absorption of thermal energy.
6.MS-PS1-7(MA) Use a particulate model of matter to explain that density is the amount of matter (mass) in a given volume. Apply proportional reasoning to describe, calculate, and compare relative densities of different materials.
6.MS-PS1-8(MA) Conduct an experiment to show that many materials are mixtures of pure substances that can be separated by physical means into their component pure substances.
6.MS-PS2 Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
6.MS-PS2-4 Use evidence to support the claim that gravitational forces between objects are attractive and are only noticeable when one or both of the objects have a very large mass.
Newton's Law of Gravitation or Kepler's Laws are not expected in state assessment.
6.MS-PS4 Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer
6.MS-PS4-1 Use diagrams of a simple wave to explain that (a) a wave has a repeating pattern with a specific amplitude, frequency, and wavelength, and (b) the amplitude of a wave is related to the energy of the wave.
Electromagnetic waves are not expected in state assessment.
State assessment will be limited to standard repeating waves.
6.MS-PS4-2 Use diagrams and other models to show that both light rays and mechanical waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.
State assessment will be limited to qualitative applications.
6.MS-PS4-3 Present qualitative scientific and technical information to support the claim that digitized signals (sent as wave pulses representing 0s and 1s) can be used to encode and transmit information.
Binary counting or the specific mechanism of any given device are not expected in state assessment.
6.MS-ETS1 Engineering Design
6.MS-ETS1-1 Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution. Include potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.