The NGSS in Massachusetts

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Skills available for Massachusetts sixth-grade science standards

Standards are in black and IXL science skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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6.MS-ESS Earth and Space Sciences

  • 6.MS-ESS1 Earth's Place in the Universe

    • 6.MS-ESS1-1a Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to explain the causes of lunar phases and eclipses of the sun and moon.

    • 6.MS-ESS1-4 Analyze and interpret rock layers and index fossils to determine the relative ages of rock formations that result from processes occurring over long periods of time.

      • Strata sequences that have been reordered or overturned, names of specific periods or epochs and events within them, or the identification and naming of minerals or rock types are not expected in state assessment.

    • 6.MS-ESS1-5(MA) Use graphical displays to illustrate that Earth and its solar system are one of many in of the Milky Way galaxy, which is one of billions of galaxies in the universe.

  • 6.MS-ESS2 Earth's Systems

    • 6.MS-ESS2-3 Analyze and interpret maps showing the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence that Earth's plates have moved great distances, collided, and spread apart.

      • Mechanisms for plate motion or paleomagnetic anomalies in oceanic and continental crust are not expected in state assessment.

6.MS-LS Life Science

6.MS-PS Physical Science

  • 6.MS-PS1 Matter and Its Interactions

    • 6.MS-PS1-6 Plan and conduct an experiment involving exothermic and endothermic chemical reactions to measure and describe the release or absorption of thermal energy.

    • 6.MS-PS1-7(MA) Use a particulate model of matter to explain that density is the amount of matter (mass) in a given volume. Apply proportional reasoning to describe, calculate, and compare relative densities of different materials.

    • 6.MS-PS1-8(MA) Conduct an experiment to show that many materials are mixtures of pure substances that can be separated by physical means into their component pure substances.

  • 6.MS-PS2 Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

    • 6.MS-PS2-4 Use evidence to support the claim that gravitational forces between objects are attractive and are only noticeable when one or both of the objects have a very large mass.

      • Newton's Law of Gravitation or Kepler's Laws are not expected in state assessment.

  • 6.MS-PS4 Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

    • 6.MS-PS4-1 Use diagrams of a simple wave to explain that (a) a wave has a repeating pattern with a specific amplitude, frequency, and wavelength, and (b) the amplitude of a wave is related to the energy of the wave.

      • Electromagnetic waves are not expected in state assessment.

      • State assessment will be limited to standard repeating waves.

    • 6.MS-PS4-2 Use diagrams and other models to show that both light rays and mechanical waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.

      • State assessment will be limited to qualitative applications.

    • 6.MS-PS4-3 Present qualitative scientific and technical information to support the claim that digitized signals (sent as wave pulses representing 0s and 1s) can be used to encode and transmit information.

      • Binary counting or the specific mechanism of any given device are not expected in state assessment.

6.MS.ETS Technology/Engineering

  • 6.MS-ETS1 Engineering Design

  • 6.MS-ETS2 Materials, Tools, and Manufacturing

    • 6.MS-ETS2-1(MA) Analyze and compare properties of metals, plastics, wood, and ceramics, including flexibility, ductility, hardness, thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, and melting point.

    • 6.MS-ETS2-2(MA) Given a design task, select appropriate materials based on specific properties needed in the construction of a solution.

    • 6.MS-ETS2-3(MA) Choose and safely use appropriate measuring tools, hand tools, fasteners, and common hand-held power tools used to construct a prototype.