The NGSS in Massachusetts

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Skills available for Massachusetts seventh-grade science standards

Standards are in black and IXL science skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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7.MS-ESS Earth and Space Sciences

7.MS-LS Life Science

7.MS-PS Physical Science

  • 7.MS-PS2 Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

    • 7.MS-PS2-3 Analyze data to describe the effect of distance and magnitude of electric charge on the strength of electric forces.

      • State assessment will be limited to proportional reasoning.

      • Calculations using Coulomb's law or interactions of sub-atomic particles are not expected in state assessment.

    • 7.MS-PS2-5 Use scientific evidence to argue that fields exist between objects with mass, between magnetic objects, and between electrically charged objects that exert force on each other even though the objects are not in contact.

      • Calculations of force are not expected in state assessment.

  • 7.MS-PS3 Energy

    • 7.MS-PS3-1 Construct and interpret data and graphs to describe the relationships among kinetic energy, mass, and speed of an object.

      • Calculations or manipulation of the formula for kinetic energy is not expected in state assessment.

    • 7.MS-PS3-2 Develop a model to describe the relationship between the relative position of objects interacting at a distance and their relative potential energy in the system.

    • 7.MS-PS3-3 Apply scientific principles of energy and heat transfer to design, construct, and test a device to minimize or maximize thermal energy transfer.

      • Accounting for specific heat or calculations of the total amount of thermal energy transferred are not expected in state assessment.

    • 7.MS-PS3-4 Conduct an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, how well the type of matter retains or radiates heat, the mass, and the change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample.

      • Calculations of specific heat or the total amount of thermal energy transferred are not expected in state assessment.

    • 7.MS-PS3-5 Present evidence to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object.

      • Calculations of energy are not expected in state assessment.

    • 7.MS-PS3-6(MA) Use a model to explain how thermal energy is transferred out of hotter regions or objects and into colder ones by convection, conduction, and radiation.

    • 7.MS-PS3-7(MA) Use informational text to describe the relationship between kinetic and potential energy and illustrate conversions from one form to another.

7.MS-ETS Technology/Engineering

  • 7.MS-ETS1 Engineering Design

  • 7.MS-ETS3 Technological Systems

    • 7.MS-ETS3-1(MA) Explain the function of a communication system and the role of its components, including a source, encoder, transmitter, receiver, decoder, and storage.

    • 7.MS-ETS3-2(MA) Compare the benefits and drawbacks of different communication systems.

    • 7.MS-ETS3-3(MA) Research and communicate information about how transportation systems are designed to move people and goods using a variety of vehicles and devices. Identify and describe subsystems of a transportation vehicle, including structural, propulsion, guidance, suspension, and control subsystems.

    • 7.MS-ETS3-4(MA) Show how the components of a structural system work together to serve a structural function. Provide examples of physical structures and relate their design to their intended use.

      • Calculations of magnitude or direction of loads or forces are not expected in state assessment.

    • 7.MS-ETS3-5(MA) Use the concept of systems engineering to model inputs, processes, outputs, and feedback among components of a transportation, structural, or communication system.