W2 Write routinely for various purposes and disciplines, representing one's own personal perspective, identity, and voice.
10.2.2.1 Write routinely for a range of tasks (e.g., personal interest, enjoyment, academic tasks), purposes, and audiences, choosing topics and format, including visual elements (e.g., illustrations, charts, tables, audiovisual elements) when applicable.
10.2.2.2 Write to represent personal perspective, identity, and voice as a member of a global community.
W3 Develop and strengthen writing by using a writing process including planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing.
10.2.3.1 Write and revise to align with the guidelines (e.g., character counts, word counts, structure, style) of various publications.
10.2.3.2 Make effective word use and sentence structure choices for meaning or style, considering audience and context.
W4 Write arguments to support claims and to persuade in an analysis of topics or texts, using valid reasoning and evidence while considering audience.
10.2.4.1 Write to argue, basing argument and counterargument, supported with evidence, on an understanding of the relevant and authentic issues connected to the argument, building on skills from previous years.
W5 Write informative or explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through use of informational and literary text, considering audience.
10.2.5.1 Write to inform or explain, evaluating accuracy and relevancy of information to convey complex ideas about a topic, utilizing organization strategies common in a variety of text structures, and maintain an objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline, building on skills from previous years.
10.2.5.1a Use precise, domain-specific vocabulary.
10.2.7.2 Plan and conduct independent research, synthesizing information from a wide variety of sources, demonstrating understanding of subject of investigation, and share findings in writing.
W8 Media Literacy in Writing: Support writing with evidence from sources, correctly citing those sources, and demonstrating an understanding of the rights and obligations of using intellectual property.
10.2.8.1 Use and cite a wide variety of print and digital sources, quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing, avoiding plagiarism and following the guidelines in a style manual appropriate for the discipline and purpose, with guidance.