W2 Write routinely for various purposes and disciplines, representing one's own personal perspective, identity, and voice.
18.104.22.168 Write routinely for a range of tasks (e.g., personal interest, enjoyment, academic tasks), purposes, and audiences, choosing topics and format, including visual elements (e.g., illustrations, charts, tables, and audiovisual elements) when applicable.
22.214.171.124 Write to reflect how personal perspective, identity, and voice have developed and changed over time, in relation to the global community.
W3 Develop and strengthen writing by using a writing process including planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing.
126.96.36.199 Generate and carry out a publishing plan to share written work with a wider audience; plan, draft, revise, and edit work considering the publishing plan.
W5 Write informative or explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through use of informational and literary text, considering audience.
188.8.131.52 Write to inform or explain, comparing, integrating, and evaluating factual information to convey complex ideas accurately, choosing the best text structure to inform or explain on chosen topic for particular audience, building on skills from previous years.
184.108.40.206a Use precise language, sentence structure, domain-specific vocabulary, and techniques such as metaphor, simile, and analogy to manage the complexity of the topic.
W6 Write narratives, poetry, and other creative texts with details and effective technique to express ideas.
220.127.116.11 Write to create, engaging and orienting the reader, establishing context and narrative point of view, and applying basic and advanced literary techniques in various literacy forms, including, by not limited to personal or autobiographical essays, building on skills learned in previous years.
18.104.22.168 Plan and conduct independent research from a wide variety of sources including academic journals and peer-reviewed sources, demonstrating understanding of subject of investigation, and share findings in writing.
W8 Media Literacy in Writing: Support writing with evidence from sources, correctly citing those sources, and demonstrating an understanding of the rights and obligations of using intellectual property.
22.214.171.124 Use and cite a wide variety of print and digital sources, quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing, avoiding plagiarism and following the guidelines in a style manual appropriate for the discipline and purpose.