1.1.1 Students will be able to ask questions about aspects of the phenomena they observe, the conclusions they draw from their models or scientific investigations, each other's ideas, and the information they read.
8P.22.214.171.124 Ask questions about locations of common elements on the periodic table to note patterns in the properties of similarly grouped elements.
1.2.1 Students will be able to design and conduct investigations in the classroom, laboratory, and/or field to test students' ideas and questions, and will organize and collect data to provide evidence to support claims the students make about phenomena.
8P.126.96.36.199 Plan and conduct an investigation of changes in pure substances when thermal energy is added or removed and relate those changes to particle motion.
2.2.1 Students will be able to use mathematics to represent physical variables and their relationships; compare mathematical expressions to the real world; and engage in computational thinking as they use or develop algorithms to describe the natural or designed worlds.
8P.188.8.131.52 Use mathematical representations to describe a simple model for waves that includes how the amplitude of a wave is related to the energy in a wave.
3 Developing possible explanations of phenomena or designing solutions to engineering problems
3.1 Developing and using models
3.1.1 Students will be able to develop, revise, and use models to represent the students' understanding of phenomena or systems as they develop questions, predictions and/or explanations, and communicate ideas to others.
8P.184.108.40.206 Develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and crystals.
8P.220.127.116.11 Develop and use a model to qualitatively describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.
3.2 Constructing explanations and designing solutions
3.2.1 Students will be able to apply scientific principles and empirical evidence (primary or secondary) to explain the causes of phenomena or identify weaknesses in explanations developed by the students or others.
8P.18.104.22.168 Construct an explanation based on evidence and scientific principles of a common phenomenon that can be explained by the motions of molecules.
4 Communicating reasons, arguments and ideas to others
4.1 Arguing from evidence
4.1.1 Students will be able to engage in argument from evidence for the explanations the students construct, defend and revise their interpretations when presented with new evidence, critically evaluate the scientific arguments of others, and present counter arguments.
8P.22.214.171.124 Construct and present arguments using evidence to support the claim that gravitational interactions are attractive and depend on the masses of interacting objects.
4.2 Obtaining, evaluating and communicating information
4.2.1 Students will be able to read and interpret multiple sources to obtain information, evaluate the merit and validity of claims and design solutions, and communicate information, ideas, and evidence in a variety of formats.
8P.126.96.36.199 Gather and evaluate information from multiple sources to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society.
8P.188.8.131.52 Integrate qualitative scientific and technical information to support the claim that digitized signals are a more reliable way to encode and transmit information than analog signals.