1 Democratic government depends on informed and engaged citizens who exhibit civic skills and values, practice civic discourse, vote and participate in elections, apply inquiry and analysis skills, and take action to solve problems and shape public policy.
126.96.36.199.1 Simulate a historic event to show how civic engagement (voting, civil discourse about controversial issues and civic action) improves and sustains a democratic society, supports the general welfare, and protects the rights of individuals.
188.8.131.52.2 Identify a public problem in the school or community, analyze the issue from multiple perspectives, and create an action plan to address it.
2 Civic Values and Principles of Democracy
2 The civic identity of the United States is shaped by historical figures, places and events and by key foundational documents and other symbolically important artifacts.
184.108.40.206.1 Identify historically significant people during the period of the American Revolution; explain how their actions contributed to the development of American political culture.
4 Governmental Institutions and Political Processes
6 The United States government has specific functions that are determined by the way that power is delegated and controlled among various bodies: the three levels (federal, state, local) and the three branches (legislative, executive, judicial) of government.
220.127.116.11.1 Explain the primary functions of the three branches of government and how the leaders of each branch are selected as established in the United States Constitution.
7 The primary purposes of rules and laws within the United States constitutional government are to protect individual rights, promote the general welfare and provide order.
18.104.22.168.1 Explain how law limits the powers of government and the governed, protects individual rights and promotes the general welfare.
1 Economic Reasoning Skills
1 People make informed economic choices by identifying their goals, interpreting and applying data, considering the short- and long-run costs and benefits of alternative choices and revising their goals based on their analysis.
22.214.171.124.1 Apply a decision-making process to identify an alternative choice that could have been made for a historical event; explain the probable impact of that choice.
2 Personal Finance
2 Personal and financial goals can be achieved by applying economic concepts and principles to personal financial planning, budgeting, spending, saving, investing, borrowing and insuring decisions.
126.96.36.199.1 Describe various uses of income and discuss advantages and disadvantages of each.
4 Microeconomic Concepts
6 Profit provides an incentive for individuals and businesses; different business organizations and market structures have an effect on the profit, price and production of goods and services.
188.8.131.52.1 Describe the concept of profit as the motivation for entrepreneurs; calculate profit as the difference between revenue (from selling goods and services) and cost (payments for resources used).
1 Geospatial Skills
1 People use geographic representations and geospatial technologies to acquire, process and report information within a spatial context.
184.108.40.206.1 Create and use various kinds of maps, including overlaying thematic maps, of places in the North American colonies; incorporate the "TODALS" map basics, as well as points, lines and colored areas to display spatial information.
15 North America was populated by indigenous nations that had developed a wide range of social structures, political systems and economic activities, and whose expansive trade networks extended across the continent.
220.127.116.11.1 Describe complex urban societies that existed in Mesoamerica and North America before 1500.
16 Rivalries among European nations and their search for new opportunities fueled expanding global trade networks and, in North America, colonization and settlement and the exploitation of indigenous peoples and lands; colonial development evoked varied responses by indigenous nations, and produced regional societies and economies that included imported slave labor and distinct forms of local government.
18.104.22.168.1 Identify various motivations of Europeans for exploration and settlement in Asia, Africa and the Americas from the fifteenth to early seventeenth centuries.
22.214.171.124.4 Compare and contrast life within the English, French and Spanish colonies in North America.
126.96.36.199.5 Describe ways that enslaved people and people in free black communities resisted slavery and transferred, developed and maintained their cultural identities.
17 The divergence of colonial interests from those of England led to an independence movement that resulted in the American Revolution and the foundation of a new nation based on the ideals of self-government and liberty.
188.8.131.52.1 Identify major conflicts between the colonies and England following the Seven Years' War; explain how these conflicts led to the American Revolution.
184.108.40.206.5 Describe the purposes of the founding documents and explain the basic principles of democracy that were set forth in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.