6.A The student will apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, appreciate, and respond to a wide variety of texts.
6.A.1 The student will develop and expand knowledge of words and word meanings to increase vocabulary.
6.A.1.1 Words in Context
6.A.1.1.a Use knowledge of word parts and word relationships, as well as context clues (the meaning of the text around a word), to determine the meaning of technical and specialized vocabulary and to understand the precise meaning of grade-level-appropriate words in fiction and nonfiction texts.
6.A.1.1.b Use prior experience and context to analyze and explain the figurative use of words, similes (comparisons that use like or as: The Snowplow Reared Up Like a Stallion), metaphors (implied comparisons: Peace is a Sunrise), and multiple meaning words.
6.A.1.2.a Recognize the origins and meanings of foreign words frequently used in English.
6.A.1.2.b Apply knowledge of root words to determine the meaning of unknown words within a passage.
6.A.1.2.c Use word origins, including knowledge of less common roots (graph = writing, logos = the study of) and word parts (auto = self, bio = life) from Greek and Latin to analyze the meaning of complex words (autograph, autobiography, biology).
6.A.2 The student will identify words rapidly so that attention is directed at the meaning of the text.
6.A.2.1 Read regularly in independent-level texts (texts in which no more than approximately 1 in 10 words is difficult for the reader) fluently and accurately, and with appropriate timing, change in voice, and expression.
6.A.2.2 Read regularly in instructional-level texts (texts in which no more than approximately 1 in 10 words is difficult for the reader; a "typical" sixth grader reads approximately 120 words per minute).
6.A.2.3 Increase silent reading speed through daily independent reading.
6.A.2.4 Read silently for increased periods of time.
6.A.3 The student will interact with the words and concepts in the text to construct an appropriate meaning.
6.A.3.1 Literal Understanding
6.A.3.1.a Use prereading strategies independently (to preview, activate prior knowledge, predict content of text, formulate questions that might be answered by the text, establish purpose for reading).
6.A.3.1.b Read and comprehend both fiction and nonfiction that is appropriately designed for sixth grade.
6.A.3.1.c Recognize main ideas presented in a particular segment of text; identify and assess evidence that supports those ideas.
6.A.3.1.d Use the text's structure or progression of ideas, such as cause and effect or chronology to locate or recall information.
6.A.3.2 Inferences and Interpretation
6.A.3.2.a Draw inferences and conclusions about text and support them with textual evidence and prior knowledge.
6.A.3.2.b Make inferences or draw conclusions about charactersÕ qualities and actions (i.e., based on knowledge of plot, setting, charactersÕ motives, charactersÕ appearances, other charactersÕ responses to a character).
6.A.3.2.c Interpret and respond creatively to literature (e.g., art, drama, oral presentations, and Reader's Theater).
6.A.3.3 Summary and Generalization
6.A.3.3.a Summarize and paraphrase information including the main idea and significant supporting details of a reading selection.
6.A.3.3.b Make generalizations based on information gleaned from text.
6.A.3.3.c Support reasonable statements and conclusions by reference to relevant aspects of text and examples.
6.A.3.3.d Clarify understanding of text information in different ways (e.g., timelines, outlines, graphic organizer) to support and explain ideas.
6.A.3.4 Analysis and Evaluation
6.A.3.4.a Evaluate the believability of a character and the impact they have on the plot.
6.A.3.4.b Analyze the main problem or conflict of the plot; the effect of the qualities of the characters and explain how the conflict is resolved.
6.A.3.4.c Contrast the actions, motives, and appearances of characters in a work of fiction and discuss the importance of the contrasts to the plot or theme.
6.A.3.4.d Make observations, connections, and react, speculate, interpret, and raise questions in analysis of texts.
6.A.3.4.e Recognize and evaluate structural patterns found in a literary work (e.g., cause/effect, problem/solution, sequential order).
6.A.3.4.f Distinguish among stated facts, inferences supported by evidence, and opinions in text.
6.A.3.5 Monitoring and Correction Strategies
6.A.3.5.a Monitor own reading and modify strategies as needed when understanding breaks down (e.g., rereading a portion aloud, using reference aids, trying an alternate pronunciation, searching for clues, and asking questions).
6.A.3.5.b Clarify meaning by questioning and rereading; confirm and revise predictions as needed when reading.
6.A.3.5.c Adjust reading rate and determine appropriate strategies according to the purpose for reading, the difficulty of the text, and characteristics of the text.
6.A.4 The student will read, construct meaning, and respond to a wide variety of literary forms.
6.A.4.1 The student will demonstrate a knowledge of and an appreciation for various forms of literature.
6.A.4.1.a Analyze the characteristics of genres, including short story, novel, drama, poetry, and nonfiction.
6.A.4.1.b Analyze characteristics of subgenres, including autobiography, biography, fable, folk tale, mystery, and myth.
6.A.4.2 The student will demonstrate knowledge of literary elements and techniques and how they affect the development of a literary work.
6.A.4.2.a Identify and explain elements of fiction, including plot, conflict, character, setting, and theme.
6.A.4.2.b Identify and explain internal and external conflict in the development of a story.
6.A.4.2.c Determine the author's purpose (persuade, inform, entertain) and point of view, whether explicitly or implicitly stated and how it affects the text.
6.A.4.2.d Connect, compare, and contrast ideas, themes, and issues across texts.
6.A.4.3 The student will identify figurative language and sound devices and will analyze how they affect the development of a literary work.
6.A.4.3.a Identify and explain figurative language, including symbolism, imagery, metaphor, personification, simile, and idioms.