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Skills available for Oklahoma sixth-grade science standards

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PS1 Matter and Its Interactions

  • 6.PS1.4 Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.

PS3 Energy

PS4 Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

  • 6.PS4.2 Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.

    • 6.PS4.2.1 A sound wave needs a medium through which it is transmitted.

    • 6.PS4.2.2 When light shines on an object, it is reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through the object, depending on the object's material and the frequency (color) of the light.

    • 6.PS4.2.3 The path that light can travel can be traced as straight lines, except at surfaces between different transparent materials (e.g., air and water, air and glass) where the light path bends.

    • 6.PS4.2.4 A wave model of light is useful for explaining brightness, color, and the frequency-dependent bending of light at a surface between media. However, because light can travel through space, it cannot be a matter wave, like sound or water waves.

LS1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structure and Processes

ESS1 Earth's Place in the Universe

  • 6.ESS1.4 Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence from rock strata for how the geologic time scale is used to organize Earth's geologic history.

    • 6.ESS1.4.1 The geologic time scale interpreted from rock strata provides a way to organize Earth's history.

    • 6.ESS1.4.2 Major historical events include the formation of mountain chains and ocean basins, the adaptation and extinction of particular living organisms, volcanic eruptions, periods of massive glaciation, and development of watersheds and rivers through glaciation and water erosion.

    • 6.ESS1.4.3 Analyses of rock strata and the fossil record provide only relative dates, not an absolute scale.

ESS2 Earth's Systems

  • 6.ESS2.1 Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth's materials and the flow of energy that drives these processes within and among Earth's systems.

  • 6.ESS2.2 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth's surface at varying time and spatial scales.

  • 6.ESS2.3 Analyze and interpret data on the patterns of distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions.

  • 6.ESS2.4 Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth's systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.

  • 6.ESS2.5 Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions.

    • 6.ESS2.5.1 Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things.

    • 6.ESS2.5.2 These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.

    • 6.ESS2.5.3 Because these patterns are so complex, weather can be predicted only probabilistically.

  • 6.ESS2.6 Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth causes patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.

    • 6.ESS2.6.1 Variations in density due to variations in temperature and salinity drive a global pattern on interconnected ocean currents.

    • 6.ESS2.6.2 Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things.

    • 6.ESS2.6.3 These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.

    • 6.ESS2.6.4 The ocean exerts a major influence on weather and climate by absorbing energy from the sun, and globally redistributing it through ocean currents.

ESS3 Earth and Human Activity

  • 6.ESS3.2 Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.

    • 6.ESS3.2.1 Mapping the history of natural hazards in a region, combined with an understanding of related geologic forces, can help forecast the locations and likelihoods of future events.