9.B The student will express ideas effectively in written modes for a variety of purposes and audiences.
9.B.1 The student will use the writing process to write coherently.
9.B.1.1 Use a writing process to develop and refine composition skills. Students are expected to:
9.B.1.1.a use a variety of prewriting strategies such as brainstorming, outlining, free writing, discussing, clustering, webbing, using graphic organizers, notes, logs, or reading to generate ideas and gather information.
9.B.1.1.b determine main idea by evaluating results of prewriting activities to select an appropriate topic.
9.B.1.1.c identify audience and purpose for writing:
9.B.1.1.c.i consider specific purposes for writing (e.g., to reflect, inform, explain, persuade, or share an experience or emotion).
9.B.1.1.e develop multiple drafts, individually and collaboratively, to categorize ideas, organize them into paragraphs, and blend paragraphs into larger text.
9.B.1.1.f revise drafts.
9.B.1.1.g edit for specific purposes to ensure standard usage, varied sentence structure, appropriate word choice, mechanics, and spelling.
9.B.1.1.h refine selected pieces to publish for general and specific audiences.
9.B.1.2 Use elaboration to develop an idea:
9.B.1.2.a draft a text with a clear controlling idea or thesis.
9.B.1.2.b develop a coherent progression of ideas applying organizational strategies such as spatial, chronological, order of importance, compare/contrast, logical order, cause/effect, or classification/division.
9.B.1.2.c apply different methods of support, such as facts, reasons, examples, sensory details.
9.B.1.2.d apply a consistent and appropriate point of view.
9.B.1.3 Demonstrate organization, unity, and coherence by using transitions and sequencing:
9.B.1.3.a Read the draft from the intended audience's point of view to evaluate clarity of purpose.
9.B.1.3.b Evaluate whether ideas and organizational patterns are clear and support the overall purpose of the piece.
9.B.1.3.c Evaluate whether topic sentences, transitions within and between paragraphs, overall sequencing, and the progression of ideas is clear, focused, smooth and coherent.
9.B.1.3.d Evaluate whether ideas are adequately developed. Move, add, delete, or replace text for clarity, audience, and purpose.
9.B.1.3.e Evaluate whether word choice/figurative language is precise, compelling, effective, and appropriate.
9.B.1.3.f Evaluate whether sentence structures are varied in type, length, and complexity.
9.B.1.4 Editing, Proofreading, and Evaluating:
9.B.1.4.a Apply Standard English usage, correct spelling and usage in text. Correct errors in grammatical conventions (e.g., complete sentences, independent and dependent (restrictive/nonrestrictive) clauses, conjunctions for subordination, correlation, and coordination, subject verb agreement, consistent verb tense, pronoun-antecedent relationship, noun and pronoun agreement, use of prepositional phrases, adverbs, and adjectives).
9.B.1.4.b Employ specified proofreading strategies and consults resources (e.g., spell checks, personal spelling lists, or dictionaries) to correct errors in spelling, capitalization, and punctuation, including punctuation of quotations
9.B.1.4.d Demonstrate an understanding of the ethics of writing by creating a document free from plagiarism.
9.B.1.5 Use a variety of sentence structures, types, and lengths to contribute to fluency and interest.
9.B.1.6 Evaluate own writing and others' writing (e.g., determine the best features of a piece of writing, determine how own writing achieves its purpose, ask for feedback, and respond to classmates' writing).
9.B.2 The student will write for a variety of purposes and audiences using narrative, descriptive, expository, persuasive, and reflective modes.
9.B.2.1 Compose fictional, biographical, or autobiographical narratives or short stories that:
9.B.2.1.a create and develop characters including character motiviation, gestures, and feelings.
9.B.2.1.b create and develop a plot utilizing the key elements: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution, and conclusion.
9.B.2.1.c create and develop an appropriate point of view.
9.B.2.1.d create and develop a setting with a narrative that is relevant to the overall meaning of the work.
9.B.2.1.e use a range of narrative devices such as dialogue, suspense, foreshadowing, characterization, and flashback.
9.B.2.2 Compose expository compositions, including analytical essays and research reports that:
9.B.2.2.a integrates evidence in support of a thesis including information on all relevant perspectives.
9.B.2.2.b quotes, summarizes, and paraphrases information and ideas from a variety of primary and secondary sources accurately and coherently.
9.B.2.2.c integrates a variety of suitable, valid reference sources, including word, pictorial, audio, and Internet sources, to locate information in support of topic.
9.B.2.2.d integrates visual aids by using technology to organize and record information on charts, data tables, maps, and graphs.
9.B.2.2.e identifies and addresses reader's potential misunderstandings, biases, and expectations.
9.B.2.2.f uses technical terms and notations accurately.
9.B.3 The student will demonstrate appropriate practices in writing by applying grammatical knowledge to the revising and editing stages of writing and participate independently and in groups to create oral presentations.
9.B.3.1 Demonstrate correct use of Standard English in speaking and writing.