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Skills available for Oklahoma fifth-grade science standards

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PS1 Matter and Its Interactions

PS2 Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions

  • 5.PS2.1 Support an argument, with evidence, that Earth's gravitational force pulls objects downward toward the center of the earth.

    • 5.PS2.1.1 The gravitational force of Earth acting on an object near Earth's surface pulls that object toward the planet's center.

PS3 Energy

LS1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structure and Processes

LS2 Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics

  • 5.LS2.1 Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.

    • 5.LS2.1.1 The food of almost any kind of animal can be traced back to plants.

    • 5.LS2.1.2 Organisms are related in food webs in which some animals eat plants for food and other animals eat the animals that eat plants.

    • 5.LS2.1.3 Some organisms, such as fungi and bacteria, break down dead organisms (both plants or plants parts and animals) and therefore operate as "decomposers."

    • 5.LS2.1.4 Decomposition eventually restores (recycles) some materials back to the soil.

    • 5.LS2.1.5 Organisms can survive only in environments in which their particular needs are met.

    • 5.LS2.1.6 A healthy ecosystem is one in which multiple species of different types are each able to meet their needs in a relatively stable web of life.

    • 5.LS2.1.7 Newly introduced species can damage the balance of an ecosystem.

    • 5.LS2.1.8 Matter cycles between the air and soil and among plants, animals, and microbes as these organisms live and die.

    • 5.LS2.1.9 Organisms obtain gases and water from the environment, and release waste matter (gas, liquid, or solid) back into the environment.

  • 5.LS2.2 Use models to explain factors that upset the stability to local ecosystems.

ESS1 Earth's Place in the Universe

  • 5.ESS1.1 Support an argument with evidence that differences in the apparent brightness of the sun compared to other stars is due to their relative distances from Earth.

    • 5.ESS1.1.1 The sun is a star that appears brighter than other stars because it is closer to Earth.

    • 5.ESS1.1.2 The sun is a star that appears larger than other stars because it is closer to Earth.

    • 5.ESS1.1.3 Stars range greatly in their distance from Earth.

  • 5.ESS1.2 Represent data in graphical displays to reveal patterns of daily changes in the length and direction of shadows, in addition to different positions of the sun, moon, and stars at different times of the day, month, and year.

    • 5.ESS1.2.1 The orbits of Earth around the sun and of the moon around Earth, together with the rotation of Earth about an axis between its North and South poles, cause observable patterns. These include: day and night; daily changes in the length and direction of shadows; and different positions of the sun, moon, and stars at different times of the day, month, and year.

ESS2 Earth's Systems

  • 5.ESS2.1 Develop a model to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.

  • 5.ESS2.2 Describe and graph amounts of saltwater and freshwater in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.

    • 5.ESS2.2.1 Nearly all of Earth's available water is in the ocean.

    • 5.ESS2.2.2 Most freshwater is in glaciers or underground; only a tiny fraction is in streams, lakes, wetlands, and the atmosphere.

ESS3 Earth and Human Activity