1 The student will analyze the foundations of the United States by examining the causes, events, and ideologies which led to the American Revolution.
1 Summarize the political and economic consequences of the French and Indian War on the 13 colonies including the imperial policies of requiring the colonies to pay a share of the costs of defending the British Empire and the precedent of the Albany Plan of Union as an early attempt to unify the colonies.
2 Cite specific textual and visual evidence to summarize the significance of British attempts to regulate colonial rights, as well as the colonial responses to these measures including
A The restriction of colonial rights as British subjects including colonial opposition and protests against taxation without representation, the boycotts of British goods, Patrick Henry's Stamp Act Resolves, the Committees of Correspondence, and the Boston Massacre,
D Evaluate the contributions of Thomas Jefferson and the Committee of Five in drafting the Declaration of Independence.
5 Commemorate Celebrate Freedom Week by recognizing the sacrifices and contributions to American freedom by veterans and by reciting the social contract selection from the Declaration of Independence:
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. – That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.
2 The student will examine the foundations of the American nation laid during the Revolutionary Era through the contributions of significant individuals and groups involved in the key military and diplomatic events of the Revolutionary War that resulted in an independent nation.
1 Analyze the formation of the first American national system of government under the Articles of Confederation including the success of conducting and winning the Revolutionary War.
E Disputes over the western territories as resolved by the Northwest Ordinance, and
F Civil unrest as typified in Shays' Rebellion.
2 Analyze the significance of the Constitutional Convention, its major debates and compromises including the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, the Great Compromise, the Three-fifths Compromise, and the key contributions of George Washington, James Madison, George Mason, and Gouverneur Morris.
3 Cite specific textual and visual evidence to examine the arguments for and against the ratification of the United States Constitution as expressed in the Federalist Papers Number 10 and Number 51, as well as Anti-Federalist concerns over a strong central government and the omission of a bill of rights.
4 Explain the constitutional pr inciples of popular sovereignty, consent of the governed, separation of powers, checks and balances, federalism, and judicial review.
5 Cite specific textual and visual evidence and summarize the rights and responsibilities all Americans possess under the United States Constitution as guaranteed in the Bill of Rights including the freedoms of religion, speech, press, assembly, petition, and the rights to due process and trial by jury.
F How the Marshall Court's precedent-setting decisions in Marbury v. Madison and McCulloch v. Maryland interpreted the United States Constitution and established the Supreme Court as an independent and equal branch of the federal government.
G The War of 1812 which confirmed American independence and fueled a spirit of nationalism,
H The increased sectional tensions as the nation dealt with the expansion of slavery and attempts to limit it through the Missouri Compromise, and
I The Monroe Doctrine as an attempt to protect American interests and territory in the western hemisphere.
2 Summarize the significance and impact of the Jacksonian Era including the
A Election of Andrew Jackson as a victory for the common man,
B Nullification Crisis and the development of the states' rights debates as typified by the arguments put forth by Senator Daniel Webster and Senator John C. Calhoun, and
C Impact of government policies, non-adherence to treaties, and territorial expansion on Native American lands including the resistance and removal of the Five Tribes.
3 Cite specific textual and visual evidence to compare the sectional economic transformations including the concentration of population, manufacturing, shipping, and the development of the railroad system in the North as contrasted to the plantation system, the increased demand for cotton brought about by the invention of the cotton gin, and the reliance on a slave labor system in the South.
4 Analyze points of view from specific textual evidence to describe the variety of African American experiences, both slave and free, including Nat Turner's Rebellion, legal restrictions in the South, and efforts to escape via the Underground Railroad network including Harriet Tubman.
5 Analyze and summarize the significance of the Abolitionist and Women's Suffrage Movements including the influence of the Second Great Awakening and the Declaration of Sentiments, and the leadership of Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Sojourner Truth, Susan B. Anthony, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton to the respective movements.
3 Compare the advantages and disadvantages of the Union and the Confederacy upon the eve of the war including the political/military leadership of President Lincoln to Confederate President Jefferson Davis and the military leadership of Union General Ulysses S. Grant to Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
4 Identify and summarize the consequences of the major turning points of the war including the A. Anaconda Plan and Total War Strategy,
3 Identify points of view regarding the social changes following the Civil War including the role of carpetbaggers and scalawags, the rise of the Ku Klux Klan, elected Black officials, and sharecroppers.