4.04 Evaluate how political, religious, and economic ideas and interests brought about the American Revolution, including: resistance to imperial policy (Proclamation of 1763), the Stamp Act of 1765, the Townshend Acts of 1767, the Tea Act of 1773, taxation without representation, Intolerable/Coercive Acts of 1774, and the role of Patrick Henry.
4.09 Examine major events and battles of the American Revolution, including: midnight ride of Paul Revere, Battles of Lexington and Concord, Battle of Bunker (Breed's) Hill, Battle of Saratoga, Valley Forge, and Battle of Yorktown.
4.10 Evaluate the contributions made by women during the American Revolution, including: Abigal Adams, Mary Ludwig Hays (Molly Pitcher), Betsy Ross, and Phillis Wheatley.
Creating a New Government (1781-1789)
Students will describe the people involved in writing, events leading up to, and the ideas embedded within the Constitution.
4.11 Identify the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, including: no power to tax, weak central government, and the impact of Shays' Rebellion.
4.12 Identify the roles of James Madison and George Washington during the Constitutional Convention, and analyze the major issues debated, including: distribution of power between the states and federal government, the Great Compromise, and slavery and the Three-Fifths Compromise.
4.13 Describe the conflict between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists over ratification of the Constitution, including the need for a Bill of Rights.
4.14 Describe the principles embedded in the Constitution, including: purposes of government (listed in the Preamble), separation of powers, branches of government, checks and balances, and recognition and protection of individual rights (in the 1st amendment).
4.17 Identify major causes, events, and key people of the War of 1812, including: trade restrictions, impressment, Battle of New Orleans, burning of Washington D.C., Francis Scott Key, and Andrew Jackson.
4.20 Analyze the impact of the American Industrial Revolution, including the significance of: watermills (influence of geography), Robert Fulton (steamboats), Samuel Slater (factory system), and Eli Whitney (cotton gin).
4.27 Explain how slavery became a national issue during the mid-19th century, including the significance of: Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850, Uncle Tom's Cabin, Kansas-Nebraska Act, and Dred Scott v. Sanford decision, John Brown's raid.
4.28 Compare and contrast the various sectional stances on states' rights and slavery represented by the presidential candidates in the election of 1860, including Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas.
4.29 Evaluate the significance of the Battle of Fort Sumter and the impact it had on secession.