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Skills available for Tennessee eighth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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Colonization (1607-1750)

  • Students will examine the European settlement of North America, geographic features that influenced early colonies, and the social, religious, political, and economic reasons for colonization.

    • 8.01 Explain the founding and development of Jamestown as the first permanent English colony, its early struggles, the economic and political structure, and role of the Powhatan people.

    • 8.02 Explain the founding and development of the Plymouth Colony, including the significance of: the Mayflower Compact, interactions with Squanto, and the role of religious freedom.

    • 8.03 Explain the founding and development of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, including the significance of: Anne Hutchison, the role of theocracy, Salem Witch Trials, and town meetings.

    • 8.04 Explain the motivation for and the founding of the Rhode Island and Connecticut Colonies, including the roles of Roger Williams and Thomas Hooker.

    • 8.05 Analyze the economic motivation for the Dutch founding New Netherlands, the diverse population of the colony, and the transition to the English colony of New York.

    • 8.06 Analyze the founding of Pennsylvania as a haven for Quakers and the tolerance that drew many different groups to the colony, including the significance of: William Penn, Philadelphia, the relationship with American Indians, and the role of women.

    • 8.07 Explain the reasons behind the settlement of the Georgia Colony, including: its designation as a "debtor" colony, its function as a "buffer" colony, and the role of James Oglethorpe in its founding.

    • 8.08 Locate and identify the Thirteen Colonies, and describe how their location and geographic features influenced regional economic development.

    • 8.09 Compare and contrast the locations and goals of British, French, and Spanish settlements in North America.

    • 8.10 Identify the origins and development of slavery in the colonies, overt and passive resistance to enslavement, and the Middle Passage.

    • 8.11 Describe the significance of the First Great Awakening, including its role in unifying the colonies and the growth of religious tolerance.

    • 8.12 Explain the Navigation Acts and the policy of mercantilism.

The American Revolution (1700-1783)

The New Nation (1775-1800)

  • Students will explore the foundation of U.S. government, the principles of the Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution, and the individuals who played influential roles in the development of the new nation. In addition, students will examine the steps taken by Tennessee to achieve statehood and the initial development of government.

Growth of a Young Nation (1800-1820)

  • Students will analyze the strengthening of the judicial branch, the major events of Thomas Jefferson's presidency, the War of 1812, and the role of the U.S. on the world stage.

    • 8.29 Analyze the significance of the election of 1800 and Chief Justice John Marshall's opinion in Marbury v. Madison.

    • 8.30 Explain the major events of Thomas Jefferson's presidency, including: the conflict with the Barbary pirates, the Embargo Act, the Lewis and Clark Expedition, and the Louisiana Purchase.

    • 8.31 Explain the causes, course, and consequences of the War of 1812, including: the use of impressment and trade restrictions between the U.S. and Great Britain, roles of Andrew Jackson and William Henry Harrison, the significance of the Treaty of Ghent, and the rise in nationalism in the U.S.

    • 8.32 Identify and locate the changing boundaries of the U.S. as a result of the Convention of 1818 and the Adams-Onis Treaty.

    • 8.33 Analyze the purpose and effects of the Monroe Doctrine.

Sectionalism and Reform (1790s-1850s)

The Jacksonian Era (1824-1840)

  • Students will analyze the impact of John Marshall on the strengthening of the judicial branch and the major events of Andrew Jackson's presidency.

    • 8.44 Analyze the role played by Chief Justice John Marshall in strengthening the judicial branch, including the key decisions of the Supreme Court in Gibbons v. Ogden and McCulloch v. Maryland.

    • 8.45 Examine the importance of the elections of 1824 and 1828, including: the corrupt bargain, the spoils system, and Jacksonian Democracy.

    • 8.46 Examine President Andrew Jackson's actions regarding the Bank of the U.S. and the Nullification Crisis, and analyze the effects of these events on the nation.

    • 8.47 Describe the impact of the Indian Removal Act and the struggle between the Cherokee Nation and the U.S. government, including the significance of Worcester v. Georgia and the Trail of Tears.

    • 8.48 Identify that the Tennessee Constitution of 1834 expanded voting rights for non-property owners.

Expansion and Division of the Nation (1820s-1860s)

  • Students will analyze the social, political, and economic impact of expansion on the U.S., the growing tensions between the North and South, and how compromise sought to hold the country together.

    • 8.49 Analyze the concept of Manifest Destiny and its impact on the development of the nation, and describe the economic incentives for westward expansion.

    • 8.50 Explain the reasons for and the provisions of the Missouri Compromise (i.e., Compromise of 1820) and its impact on expansion.

    • 8.51 Describe American settlements in Texas after 1821, the causes of the Texas War for Independence, the roles of David Crockett and Sam Houston, and the legacy of the Alamo.

    • 8.52 Analyze the reasons for and outcomes of groups moving west, including the significance of: fur traders, Mormons, the Oregon Trail, and the Santa Fe Trail.

    • 8.53 Identify the major events and impact of James K. Polk's presidency, including the annexation of Texas and the settlement of the Oregon boundary.

    • 8.54 Describe the causes and consequences of the Mexican War, including the controversy over the Rio Grande boundary and the Mexican Cession.

    • 8.55 Analyze the discovery of gold in California, its social and economic impact on the U.S., and the major migratory movement (including the forty-niners and Asian immigrants).

    • 8.56 Explain the reasons for and the impact of the Compromise of 1850 (including Henry Clay's role as "The Great Compromiser") and the Fugitive Slave Act (including Harriet Beecher Stowe's influence with Uncle Tom's Cabin).

    • 8.57 Describe the significance of the Gadsden Purchase of 1853.

    • 8.58 Explain the motivations behind the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, and analyze the effects of the compromise, including: the rise of the Republican Party, "Bleeding Kansas", Preston Brooks' attack on Charles Sumner, and John Brown's raid at Harper's Ferry.

    • 8.59 Analyze the Dred Scott v. Sandford decision and the resulting split between the North and South.

    • 8.60 Explain the arguments presented by Stephen Douglas and Abraham Lincoln on slavery in the Illinois Senate race debates of 1858.

The Civil War (1860-1865)

Reconstruction (1865-1877)

  • Students will analyze the social, economic, and political changes and conflicts during Reconstruction, the events and lasting consequences of Reconstruction, and Reconstruction's impact on Tennessee.