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Skills available for Tennessee eighth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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Students will understand the social, political, and economic reasons for the movement of people from Europe to the Americas, and they will describe the impact of colonization by Europeans on American Indians and on the development of the land that eventually became the United States of America.

Students will understand the major events preceding the founding of the nation and relate their significance to the development of American constitutional democracy.

Students analyze the political principles underlying the Constitution, compare the enumerated and implied powers of the federal government, and understand the foundation of the American political system and the ways in which citizens participate.

  • 8.28 Describe the significance of the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, and the Mayflower Compact in relation to the development of government in America.

  • 8.29 Analyze the Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 and their impact on the future development of western settlement and the spread of public education and slavery.

  • 8.30 Analyze the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, including no power to tax, no common currency, no control of interstate commerce, and no executive branch, failure of the Lost State of Franklin and the impact of Shays' Rebellion.

  • 8.31 Identify the various leaders of the Constitutional Convention and analyze the major issues they debated, including:

  • 8.32 Explain the ratification process and describe the conflict between Federalists and Anti-Federalists over ratification, including the need for a Bill of Rights and concern for state's rights, citing evidence from the Federalist Papers N. 10 and 51 and other primary source texts.

  • 8.33 Describe the principles embedded in the Constitution, including the purposes of government listed in the Preamble, separation of powers, check and balances, the amendment process, federalism, and recognition of and protections of individual rights in the Bill of Rights.

  • 8.34 Write an opinion piece arguing for the importance of a particular right as it impacts individuals and/or groups, using evidence from the Bill of Rights and contemporary informational text.

  • 8.35 Analyze the major events of George Washington's presidency, including Pinckney's Treaty, Jay's Treaty, Whiskey Rebellion, and precedents set in the Farewell Address.

  • 8.36 Explain the strict versus loose interpretation of the Constitution and how the conflicts between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton resulted in the emergence of two political parties by analyzing their views of foreign policy, economic policy (including the National Bank), funding, and assumption of the revolutionary debt.

  • 8.37 Explain the controversies that plagued the administration of John Adams, including the conflicts with England and France and the Alien and Sedition Acts.

Students analyze the aspirations and ideals of the people of the new nation.

  • 8.38 Describe daily life — including traditions in art, music, and literature — of early national America by examining excerpts from the stories of Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper.

  • 8.39 Identify the leaders and events and analyze the impact of western expansion to the development of Tennessee statehood, including:

    • William Blount

    • John Sevier

    • Rocky Mount

    • Treaty of Holston

    • Cumberland Gap

    • River systems

    • Natchez Trace

    • Jackson Purchase

  • 8.40 Analyze the role played by John Marshall in strengthening the central government, including the key decisions of the Supreme Court - Marbury v. Madison, Gibbons v. Ogden, and McCulloch v. Maryland.

  • 8.41 Explain the major events of Thomas Jefferson's presidency, including his election in 1800, Louisiana Purchase, the defeat of the Barbary pirates, and the Embargo Act.

  • 8.42 Analyze the impact of the Lewis and Clark Expedition by identifying the routes on a map, citing evidence from their journals.

Students analyze United States foreign policy in the early Republic.

  • 8.43 Explain the causes, course, and consequences of the War of 1812, including the major battles, leaders, events and role of Tennessee:

    • Impressment

    • War Hawks

    • Henry Clay

    • Burning of Washington

    • Fort McHenry

    • William Henry Harrison

    • Tecumseh

    • Andrew Jackson

    • Battle of Horseshoe Bend

    • Battle of New Orleans

  • 8.44 Identify on a map the changing boundaries of the United States, including the Convention of 1818 and Adams-Onis Treaty.

  • 8.45 Analyze the relationship the United States had with Europe, including the influence of the Monroe Doctrine.

Students analyze the paths of the American people in the three regions of the United States from 1800 to the mid-1800s and the challenges they faced as they became increasingly sectionalized.

  • 8.46 Analyze the physical obstacles to and the economic and political factors involved in building a network of roads, canals and railroads, including Henry Clay's American System.

  • 8.47 Explain the causes and effects of the wave of immigration from Northern Europe to the United States, and describe the growth in the number, size, and spatial arrangements of cities as a result of events such as the Great Potato Famine.

  • 8.48 Analyze the 19th century reforms influenced by the 2nd Great Awakening such as the Temperance Movement, Prison Reform, Mental Health Reform, and education, including tent meetings, establishment of new churches, Horace Mann, Dorothea Dix, and temperance societies.

  • 8.49 Analyze the women's suffrage movement and its major proponents, including Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, and Susan B. Anthony and examine excerpts from the writings of Stanton, Anthony and Sojourner Truth.

  • 8.50 Identify common themes in American art and literature, including transcendentalism and individualism by analyzing essays and stories by Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Louisa May Alcott, Nathaniel Hawthorne and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

  • 8.51 Trace the development of the agrarian economy in the South, the locations of the cotton-producing states, and the significance of cotton, the cotton gin and the role of Memphis as the Cotton Capital of the South.

  • 8.52 Analyze the characteristics of white Southern society and how the physical environment influenced events and conditions prior to the Civil War.

  • 8.53 Write a narrative with supporting text describing the effects of the New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-12 on the land and people of Tennessee.

  • 8.54 Identify the constitutional issues posed by the doctrine of nullification and secession and analyze the earliest origins of that doctrine.

  • 8.55 Explain the events and impact of the presidency of Andrew Jackson, including the "corrupt bargain," the advent of Jacksonian Democracy, his use of the spoils system and the veto, his battle with the Bank of the United States, the Nullification Crisis and the Indian removal.

  • 8.56 Analyze the contributions of Sequoyah to the Cherokee.

  • 8.57 Write a narrative piece that describes the impact of the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and the struggle between the Cherokee Nation and the United States government and cites evidence from primary source accounts of the Trail of Tears.

  • 8.58 Describe the concept of Manifest Destiny and its impact on the developing character of the American nation, including the purpose, challenges and economic incentives for westward expansion.

  • 8.59 Describe American settlements in Texas after 1821 and the causes for the Texas War of Independence, including the roles of David Crockett and Sam Houston in the war and the legacy of the Alamo.

  • 8.60 Analyze the reasons, outcome and legacy of groups moving west including the mountain men/trail blazers, Mormons, missionaries, settlers, and the impact of the Oregon Trail and John C. Frémont.

  • 8.61 Describe the major events and impact of the presidency of James K. Polk, including his "Dark Horse" nomination, the settlements of the Oregon boundary, the annexation of Texas, and the acquisition of California through the Mexican War.

  • 8.62 Describe the causes, course, and consequences of the Mexican War, including the controversy over the Rio Grande boundary, the roles played by Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott, the Mexican Cession and the Wilmot Proviso.

  • 8.63 Trace the major figures and events in the discovery of gold in California and its impact on the economy of the United States, including John Sutter, and 49'ers.

Students analyze the growth of slavery and the resulting controversies.

Students analyze the multiple causes, key events, and complex consequences of the Civil War.

Students analyze the character and lasting consequences of Reconstruction.

Students analyze the social, political, and economic transformation of America as a result of westward expansion.

  • 8.91 Explain patterns of agricultural and industrial development after the Civil War as they relate to climate, use of natural resources, markets and trade and the location of such development on a map.

  • 8.92 Trace the evolution of federal policies toward American Indians, including movement to reservations; assimilation, boarding schools, wars with Indians (Little Big Horn and Wounded Knee), and the impact of the railroad and settlement patterns of pioneers, Buffalo Soldiers (George Jordan), and the Dawes Act.

  • 8.93 Explain the significance of various American Indian leaders, including:

    • Crazy Horse

    • Geronimo

    • Sitting Bull

    • Chief Joseph

  • 8.94 Explain the impact of the Homestead Act.

  • 8.95 Analyze how significant inventors and their inventions, including barbed wire, the six shooter, windmills, sod housing, and the steel plow changed life in the West.

  • 8.96 Trace the expansion and development of the Transcontinental Railroad, including the Golden Spike event (1869), and the role that Chinese immigrant laborers (Central Pacific track) and Irish immigrant laborers (Union Pacific track) played in its construction.

  • 8.97 Examine the development and life of the iconic American cowboy, including his skills, clothes and daily life and work.

  • 8.98 Explain the concepts of the Open Range, Long Drive and cow towns in the development of the American ranching industry.