1 Colonization (1607-1750): Students will examine the European settlement of North America, geographic features that influenced early colonies, and the social, religious, political, and economic reasons for colonization.
1.8.01 Explain the founding and development of Jamestown as the first permanent English colony, its early struggles, the economic and political structure, and role of the Powhatan people.
1.8.06 Analyze the founding of Pennsylvania as a haven for Quakers and the tolerance that drew many different groups to the colony, including the significance of:
1.8.06.a William Penn
1.8.06.c Relationship with American Indians
1.8.06.d Role of women
1.8.07 Explain the reasons behind the settlement of the Georgia Colony, including: its designation as a "debtor" colony, its function as a "buffer" colony, and the role of James Oglethorpe in its founding.
1.8.11 Describe the significance of the First Great Awakening, including its role in unifying the colonies and the growth of religious tolerance.
1.8.12 Explain the Navigation Acts and the policy of mercantilism.
2 The American Revolution (1700-1783): Students will explore the growing tensions between Great Britain and its colonies as well as the major events and outcomes surrounding the American Revolution.
2.8.13 Explain the significance of the Ohio River Valley leading to the French and Indian War and the events and consequences of the conflict, including: the massacre at Fort Loudoun, the Treaty of Paris of 1763, war debt, and the Proclamation Line of 1763.
3 The New Nation (1775-1800): Students will explore the foundation of U.S. government, the principles of the Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution, and the individuals who played influential roles in the development of the new nation. In addition, students will examine the steps taken by Tennessee to achieve statehood and the initial development of government.
3.8.21 Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, and describe the Land Ordinance of 1785, the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, the Northwest Territory, the Lost State of Franklin, and Shays' Rebellion.
3.8.22 Describe the roles of James Madison and George Washington during the Constitutional Convention, and analyze the major issues debated, including the Great Compromise and the Three-Fifths Compromise.
3.8.23 Examine the principles and purposes of government articulated in the Preamble and principles stated in the Constitution, including: the separation of powers, federalism, and checks and balances.
3.8.24 Describe the conflict between Federalists and Anti-Federalists over the ratification of the Constitution, including the protection of individual rights through the Bill of Rights and concern for states' rights.
3.8.26 Explain how conflicts between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton resulted in the emergence of two political parties by analyzing their views on foreign policy, economic policy, a national bank, and strict versus loose interpretation of the Constitution.
3.8.28 Identify how westward expansion led to the statehood of Tennessee and the importance of the first state constitution (1796).
4 Growth of a Young Nation (1800-1820): Students will analyze the strengthening of the judicial branch, the major events of Thomas Jefferson's presidency, the War of 1812, and the role of the U.S. on the world stage.
4.8.29 Analyze the significance of the election of 1800 and Chief Justice John Marshall's opinion in Marbury v. Madison.
4.8.31 Explain the causes, course, and consequences of the War of 1812, including:
4.8.31.a Use of impressment and trade restrictions between the U.S. and Great Britain
4.8.31.b Roles of Andrew Jackson and William Henry Harrison
4.8.31.c Significance of the Treaty of Ghent
4.8.31.d Rise in nationalism in the U.S.
4.8.32 Identify and locate the changing boundaries of the U.S. as a result of the Convention of 1818 and the Adams-Onis Treaty.
4.8.33 Analyze the purpose and effects of the Monroe Doctrine.
5 Sectionalism and Reform (1790s-1850s): Students will analyze the social, political, and economic development of the North and South during the early 19th century, including the growth of sectionalism and reform movements.
5.8.34 Describe the development of the agrarian economy in the South, the locations of the cotton-producing states, the significance of cotton and the cotton gin, and the founding of Memphis as a center for cotton and the slave trade.
6.8.48 Identify that the Tennessee Constitution of 1834 expanded voting rights for non-property owners.
7 Expansion and Division of the Nation (1820s-1860s): Students will analyze the social, political, and economic impact of expansion on the U.S., the growing tensions between the North and South, and how compromise sought to hold the country together.
7.8.49 Analyze the concept of Manifest Destiny and its impact on the development of the nation, and describe the economic incentives for westward expansion.
7.8.50 Explain the reasons for and the provisions of the Missouri Compromise (i.e., Compromise of 1820) and its impact on expansion.
7.8.55 Analyze the discovery of gold in California, its social and economic impact on the U.S., and the major migratory movement (including the forty-niners and Asian immigrants).
7.8.56 Explain the reasons for and the impact of the Compromise of 1850 (including Henry Clay's role as "The Great Compromiser") and the Fugitive Slave Act (including Harriet Beecher Stowe's influence with Uncle Tom's Cabin).
7.8.60 Explain the arguments presented by Stephen Douglas and Abraham Lincoln on slavery in the Illinois Senate race debates of 1858.
8 The Civil War (1860-1865): Students will examine the political changes that sparked the Civil War, the differences in the North and South, and the key leaders, events, battles, and daily life during the war.
8.8.61 Describe the election of 1860 and its candidates (i.e., John Bell, Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln, and John Breckinridge), and analyze how the campaigns reflected sectional turmoil in the country.
8.8.66 Analyze how the writings of Sam Watkins and Elisha Hunt Rhodes illustrated the daily life of the common soldier.
9 Reconstruction (1865-1877): Students will analyze the social, economic, and political changes and conflicts during Reconstruction, the events and lasting consequences of Reconstruction, and Reconstruction's impact on Tennessee.
9.8.67 Analyze the immediate political impact of the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson's ascension to the presidency.
9.8.72 Explain the restrictions placed on the rights and opportunities of freedmen, including: racial segregation, black codes, and the efforts of the Freedmen's Bureau to address the problems confronting newly freed slaves.