8.06 Analyze the founding of Pennsylvania as a haven for Quakers and the tolerance that drew many different groups to the colony, including the significance of: William Penn, Philadelphia, the relationship with American Indians, and the role of women.
8.07 Explain the reasons behind the settlement of the Georgia Colony, including: its designation as a "debtor" colony, its function as a "buffer" colony, and the role of James Oglethorpe in its founding.
8.11 Describe the significance of the First Great Awakening, including its role in unifying the colonies and the growth of religious tolerance.
8.12 Explain the Navigation Acts and the policy of mercantilism.
The American Revolution (1700-1783)
Students will explore the growing tensions between Great Britain and its colonies as well as the major events and outcomes surrounding the American Revolution.
8.13 Explain the significance of the Ohio River Valley leading to the French and Indian War and the events and consequences of the conflict, including: the massacre at Fort Loudoun, the Treaty of Paris of 1763, war debt, and the Proclamation Line of 1763.
8.15 Analyze the social, political, and economic causes of the events and groups of the American Revolution, including: the Quartering Act of 1765, the Stamp Act of 1765, the Declaratory Act of 1766, the Townshend Acts of 1767, the Boston Massacre of 1770, the Boston Tea Party of 1773, the Intolerable/Coercive Acts of 1774, and the Sons of Liberty.
8.20 Locate and explain the significance of the following during the American Revolution: struggles of the Continental Army, the Battles of Trenton and Princeton, the Battle of Kings Mountain, the Battle of Saratoga, the Battle of Yorktown, and guerrilla warfare.
Students will explore the foundation of U.S. government, the principles of the Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution, and the individuals who played influential roles in the development of the new nation. In addition, students will examine the steps taken by Tennessee to achieve statehood and the initial development of government.
8.21 Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, and describe the Land Ordinance of 1785, the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, the Northwest Territory, the Lost State of Franklin, and Shays' Rebellion.
8.22 Describe the roles of James Madison and George Washington during the Constitutional Convention, and analyze the major issues debated, including the Great Compromise and the Three-Fifths Compromise.
8.24 Describe the conflict between Federalists and Anti-Federalists over the ratification of the Constitution, including the protection of individual rights through the Bill of Rights and concern for states' rights.
8.26 Explain how conflicts between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton resulted in the emergence of two political parties by analyzing their views on foreign policy, economic policy, a national bank, and strict versus loose interpretation of the Constitution.
8.31 Explain the causes, course, and consequences of the War of 1812, including: the use of impressment and trade restrictions between the U.S. and Great Britain, roles of Andrew Jackson and William Henry Harrison, the significance of the Treaty of Ghent, and the rise in nationalism in the U.S.
8.32 Identify and locate the changing boundaries of the U.S. as a result of the Convention of 1818 and the Adams-Onis Treaty.
8.33 Analyze the purpose and effects of the Monroe Doctrine.
Sectionalism and Reform (1790s-1850s)
Students will analyze the social, political, and economic development of the North and South during the early 19th century, including the growth of sectionalism and reform movements.
8.34 Describe the development of the agrarian economy in the South, the locations of the cotton-producing states, the significance of cotton and the cotton gin, and the founding of Memphis as a center for cotton and the slave trade.
8.37 Explain the development of the American Industrial Revolution, including: Eli Whitney and interchangeable parts, the emergence of trade unions, the Lowell System, the role of the textile industry, and Samuel Slater.
8.55 Analyze the discovery of gold in California, its social and economic impact on the U.S., and the major migratory movement (including the forty-niners and Asian immigrants).
8.56 Explain the reasons for and the impact of the Compromise of 1850 (including Henry Clay's role as "The Great Compromiser") and the Fugitive Slave Act (including Harriet Beecher Stowe's influence with Uncle Tom's Cabin).
8.57 Describe the significance of the Gadsden Purchase of 1853.
8.58 Explain the motivations behind the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, and analyze the effects of the compromise, including: the rise of the Republican Party, "Bleeding Kansas", Preston Brooks' attack on Charles Sumner, and John Brown's raid at Harper's Ferry.
8.60 Explain the arguments presented by Stephen Douglas and Abraham Lincoln on slavery in the Illinois Senate race debates of 1858.
The Civil War (1860-1865)
Students will examine the political changes that sparked the Civil War, the differences in the North and South, and the key leaders, events, battles, and daily life during the war.
8.61 Describe the election of 1860 and its candidates (i.e., John Bell, Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln, and John Breckinridge), and analyze how the campaigns reflected sectional turmoil in the country.
8.62 Describe the outbreak of the Civil War and the resulting sectional differences, including: economic, geographic, and technological advances, military strategies, the roles of President Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis, the significane of Fort Sumter, and the geographical divisions within states.
8.63 Explain the significance of the following battles, events, and leaders during the Civil War, including: the first Battlet of Bull Run, the Battle of Shiloh, the Battle of Antietam, the Battle of Gettysburg, the Battle of Vicksburg, Sherman's March to the Sea, the surrender at Appomattox Court House, David Farragut, Nathan Bedford Forrest, Ulysses S. Grant, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, and Robert E. Lee.
8.72 Explain the restrictions placed on the rights and opportunities of freedmen, including: racial segregation, black codes, and the efforts of the Freedmen's Bureau to address the problems confronting newly freed slaves.