1 Foundations of Human Civilization: c. 10,000-3500 BCE: Students will learn proper time designations and analyze the development and characteristics of civilizations, including the effects of the Agricultural Revolution.
1.6.01 Identify the meaning of time designations and abbreviations used by historians, including:
1.6.01.a BC / BCE
1.6.01.b AD / CE
1.6.01.c Circa (c. or ca), decades, centuries
1.6.02 Describe the characteristics of the nomadic hunter-gatherer societies, including their use of:
1.6.02.a Basic hunting weapons
1.6.03 Explain the impact of the Agricultural Revolution, including:
4 Ancient Israel: c. 2000-500 BCE: Students will analyze the geographic, political, economic, and cultural structures of ancient Israel.
4.6.20 Identify and locate geographical features of ancient Israel, including:
4.6.20.a Dead Sea
4.6.20.c Jordan River
4.6.20.d Mediterranean Sea
4.6.20.e Red Sea
4.6.20.f Sinai Peninsula
4.6.21 Describe the development of the ancient Israelites, and explain the reasons for their movements from Mesopotamia to Canaan (later called Israel), from Canaan to Egypt, and from Egypt back to Canaan.
4.6.22 Describe the origins and central features of Judaism:
5.6.30 Identify the long-lasting intellectual traditions that emerged during the late empire of ancient India, including: medical education, medical techniques, and mathematics (e.g., Hindu-Arabic numerals).
6.6.32 Analyze the influence of geographic features on the origins of ancient Chinese civilization in the Yellow River Valley, and explain how China's geography helped create a unique yet diverse cultural identity that was isolated from the rest of the world.
6.6.34 Identify the political and cultural problems prevalent in the time of Confucius and how the philosophy of Confucianism and The Analects emphasized the concepts of kinship, order, and hierarchy to address these problems.
6.6.38 Describe how the desire for Chinese goods influenced the creation of The Silk Road and initiated cultural diffusion throughout Eurasia, including the introduction of Buddhism into ancient China.
7.6.40 Analyze how the geographical features of ancient Greece, including its mountainous terrain and access to the Mediterranean Sea, contributed to its organization into city-states, role in maritime trade, and colonies in the Mediterranean.
7.6.45 Analyze the causes and consequences of the Peloponnesian Wars, including how the growing political conflict between Athens and Sparta led to war and left the city-states open to conquest by the Macedonians.
7.6.46 Explain the polytheistic religion of ancient Greece, with respect to beliefs about the humanlike qualities of the deities, their importance in everyday life, and the emergence of the Olympic Games to honor Zeus.
7.6.47 Explain the historical significance of ancient Greek literature, including how the Iliad and the Odyssey provide insight into the life of the ancient Greeks.
7.6.48 Examine the influence of ancient Greek philosophers (e.g., Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates) and their impact on education and society in Greece.
8.6.62 Analyze the fall of the Western Roman Empire, including difficulty governing its large territory, political corruption, economic instability, and attacks by Germanic tribes, and identify the continuation of the Eastern Roman Empire as the Byzantine Empire.