b locate and describe major geographic regions of North America: Coastal Plain, Appalachian Mountains, Canadian Shield, Interior Lowlands, Great Plains, Rocky Mountains, Basin and Range, and Coastal Range;
c locate major water features and explain their importance to the early history of the United States: Great Lakes, Mississippi River, Missouri River, Ohio River, Columbia River, Colorado River, Rio Grande, St. Lawrence River, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and Gulf of Mexico; and
d recognize key geographic features on maps, diagrams, and/or photographs.
Exploration to Revolution: Pre-Columbian Times to the 1770s
USI.3 The student will apply social science skills to understand how early cultures developed in North America by
a describing how archaeologists have recovered material evidence of ancient settlements, including Cactus Hill in Virginia;
b locating where the American Indians lived, with emphasis on the Arctic (Inuit), Northwest (Kwakiutl), Plains (Lakota), Southwest (Pueblo), and Eastern Woodlands (Iroquois); and
c describing how the American Indians used the resources in their environment.
USI.4 The student will apply social science skills to understand European exploration in North America and West Africa by
a describing the motivations for, obstacles to, and accomplishments of the Spanish, French, Portuguese, and English explorations;
c describing key events and the roles of key individuals in the American Revolution, with emphasis on George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, and the Marquis de Lafayette; and
USI.8 The student will apply social science skills to understand westward expansion and reform in America from 1801 to 1861 by
a describing territorial expansion and how it affected the political map of the United States, with emphasis on the Louisiana Purchase, the Lewis and Clark expedition, and the acquisitions of Florida, Texas, Oregon, and California;