Growth, Development, and Reproduction of Organisms
S.8.1 Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.
S.8.3 Develop and use a model to describe why structural changes to genes (mutations) located on chromosomes may affect proteins and may result in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects to the structure and function of an organism.
S.8.5 Gather and synthesize information about the technologies that have changed the way humans influence the inheritance of desired traits in organisms.
Natural Selection and Adaptations
S.8.6 Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
S.8.7 Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern organisms and between modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.
S.8.8 Analyze displays of pictorial data to compare patterns of similarities in the embryological development across multiple species to identify relationships not evident in the fully formed anatomy.
S.8.9 Construct an explanation based on evidence that describes how genetic variations of traits in population increase some individuals' probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment.
S.8.10 Use mathematical models, probability statements, and proportional reasoning to support explanations of how natural selection may lead to increases and decreases of specific traits in populations over time.