1 Students describe how significant people, events and developments have shaped their own community and region; compare their community to other communities in the region in other times and places; and use a variety of resources to gather information about the past.
3.1.1 Identify and describe Native American Woodland Indians who lived in the region when European settlers arrived.
3.1.2 Explain why and how the local community was established and identify its founders and early settlers.
3.1.3 Describe the role of the local community and other communities in the development of the state's regions.
3.1.4 Give examples of people, events and developments that brought important changes to your community and the region where your community is located.
Chronological Thinking, Historical Comprehension, Analysis and Interpretation, and Research
3.1.5 Create simple timelines that identify important events in various regions of the state.
3.1.6 Use a variety of resources to gather information about your region's communities; identify factors that make the region unique, including cultural diversity, industry, the arts and architecture.
3.1.7 Distinguish between fact and fiction in historical accounts by comparing documentary sources on historical figures and events with fictional characters and events in stories.
3.1.8 Describe how your community has changed over time and how it has stayed the same.
3.1.9 Define immigration and explain how immigration enriches community.
Civics and Government
2 Students explain what it means to be citizens of their community, state and nation; be able to identify the functions and major services provided by local governments; use a variety of resources to gather information about local, state and national governments; and demonstrate understanding of democratic principles and practices.
Foundations of Government
3.2.1 Discuss the reasons governments are needed and identify specific goods and services that governments provide.
3.2.2 Identify and know the significance of fundamental democratic principles and ideals. Examples: The right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, including the five foundations of democracy (social equality, majority rule, minority rights, freedom, and integrity).
Functions of Government
3.2.3 Identify and explain the duties of and selection process for local and state government officials who make, implement and enforce laws.
3.2.5 Explain the importance of being a responsible citizen of your community, the state and the nation. Identify people in your community and the state who exhibit the characteristics of good citizenship.
3.2.6 Explain the role citizens have in making decisions and rules within the community, state and nation such as participating in local and regional activities, voting in elections, running for office, and voicing opinions in a positive way.
3.2.7 Use information from a variety of resources to demonstrate an understanding of local, state and regional leaders and civic issues.
3 Students explain that simple grid systems (latitude and longitude) are used to locate places on maps and globes, begin to understand the Earth/sun relationship, identify the distinctive physical and cultural features of their community, explain the geographic relationships between their own community and the state and other states within the region, and compare the geographic characteristics of their own community with communities in other parts of the world.
The World in Spatial Terms
3.3.1 Use labels and symbols to locate and identify physical and political features on maps and/or globes.
3.3.4 Identify the northern, southern, eastern and western hemispheres; cardinal and intermediate directions; and determine the direction and distance from one place to another on a variety of maps and globes.
3.3.5 Explain that regions are areas that have similar physical and cultural characteristics. Identify Indiana and the local community as part of a specific region.
3.3.6 Compare and contrast the physical characteristics of Indiana to neighboring states using words, illustrations, maps, photographs, and other resources.
3.3.7 Compare the cultural characteristics of their community within communities in other parts of the world.
3.3.8 Identify the major climate regions of the United States and explain their characteristics.
3.3.9 Describe how climate and the physical characteristics of a region affect the vegetation and animal life living there.
3.3.10 Construct maps and graphs that show aspects of human/environmental interaction in the local community, Indiana and communities within the region.
3.3.11 Describe how Native Americans and early settlers of Indiana adapted to and modified their environment to survive.
Environment and Society
3.3.12 Use a variety of resources to demonstrate an understanding of regional environmental issues and examine the ways that people have tried to solve these problems.
3.3.13 Identify and describe how human systems and physical systems have impacted the local environment.
4 Students explain how people in the local community make choices about using goods, services and productive resources; how they engage in trade to satisfy their economic wants and needs; how they use a variety of sources to gather and apply information about economic changes in the community; and how they compare costs and benefits in economic decision making.
3.4.1 Give examples from the local community that illustrate the scarcity of productive resources. Explain how this scarcity requires people to make choices and incur opportunity costs.