Indiana

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Skills available for Indiana eighth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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1 Students examine the relationship and significance of themes, concepts, and movements in the development of United States history, including review of key ideas related to the colonization of America and the revolution and Founding Era. This will be followed by emphasis on social reform, national development and westward expansion, and the Civil War and Reconstruction period.

2 Students explain the major principles, values and institutions of constitutional government and citizenship, which are based on the founding documents of the United States and how the three branches of government share and check power within our federal system of government.

  • Foundations of Government

    • 8.2.1 Identify and explain essential ideas of constitutional government, which include limited government; rule of law; due process of law; separated and shared powers; checks and balances; federalism; popular sovereignty; republicanism; representative government; and individual rights to life, liberty and property; and freedom of conscience.

    • 8.2.2 Explain the concept of a separation of powers and how and why these powers are distributed, shared and limited in the constitutional government of the United States.

    • 8.2.3 Examine ways that the national government affects the everyday lives of people of the United States.

  • Functions of Government

    • 8.2.4 Compare and contrast the delegated, reserved, and concurrent powers (division of power or federal system) contained in the United States Constitution.

    • 8.2.5 Compare and contrast the different functions of national and state government within the federal system by analyzing the United States Constitution and the Indiana Constitution.

  • Roles of Citizens

    • 8.2.6 Recognize and explain the relationship between the rights and responsibilities of citizenship in the United States.

    • 8.2.7 Explain the importance of responsible participation by citizens in voluntary civil organizations to bring about social reform.

    • 8.2.8 Explain ways that citizens can participate in the election process (political parties, campaigns and elections) at the national, state, and local levels.

    • 8.2.9 Explain how citizens can monitor and influence the development and implementation of public policies at local, state and national levels of government.

    • 8.2.10 Research and defend positions on issues in which fundamental values and principles related to the United States Constitution are in conflict such as: 1st and 2nd Amendment rights, the right to privacy, and the rights of the individual.

3 Students identify the major geographic characteristics of the United States and its regions. They name and locate the major physical features of the United States, as well as demonstrate a broad understanding of the states, capitals and major cities, and use geographic skills and technology to examine the influence of geographic factors on national development.

  • The World in Spatial Terms

    • 8.3.1 Read maps to interpret symbols and determine the land forms and human features that represent physical and cultural characteristics of regions in the United States.

  • Places and Regions

  • Physical Systems

    • 8.3.3 Identify and locate the major climate regions in the United States and describe the characteristics of these regions.

    • 8.3.4 Identify the major mountain ranges and river systems of the United States and explain the importance of these physical features in the development of America.

  • Human Systems

    • 8.3.5 Identify the agricultural regions of the United States and be able to give explanations for how the land was used and developed during the growth of the United States.

    • 8.3.6 Using maps identify changes influenced by growth, economic development and human migration in the United States.

    • 8.3.7 Using primary and secondary sources, identify ways people modified the physical environment as the United States developed and describe the impacts that resulted.

    • 8.3.8 Analyze human and physical factors that have influenced migration and settlement patterns and relate them to the economic development of the United States.

    • 8.3.9 Identify and interpret maps, graphs and charts showing the distribution of natural resources such as forests, water sources and wildlife in the United States at the beginning of the nineteenth century and give examples of how people exploited these resources as the country became more industrialized and people moved westward.

4 Students identify, describe and evaluate the influence of economic factors on national development from the founding of the nation to the end of Reconstruction.