1 Students trace the historical periods, places, people, events, and movements that have led to the development of Indiana as a state.
American Indians and the Arrival of Europeans to 1770
4.1.1 Identify and compare the major early cultures that existed in the region that became Indiana prior to contact with Europeans.
4.1.2 Identify and describe historic Native American Indian groups that lived in Indiana at the time of early European exploration, including ways these groups adapted to and interacted with the physical environment.
The American Revolution and the Indiana Territory: 1770s to 1816
4.1.3 Explain the importance of the Revolutionary War and other key events and people that influenced the development of Indiana as a state.
4.1.4 Summarize and explain the significance of key documents in Indiana's development from a United States territory to statehood.
Statehood: 1816 to 1851
4.1.5 Identify and explain the causes of the removal of Native American Indian groups in the state and their resettlement during the 1830s.
4.1.6 Explain how key individuals and events influenced the early growth and development of Indiana.
The Civil War Era and Later Development: 1850 to 1900
4.1.7 Explain the roles of various individuals, groups, and movements in the social conflicts leading to the Civil War.
4.1.17 Construct a brief narrative about an event in Indiana history using primary and secondary sources.
4.1.18 Research and describe the contributions of important Indiana artists and writers to the state's cultural landscape.
2 Students describe the components and characteristics of Indiana's constitutional form of government; explain the levels and three branches of Indiana's government; understand citizenship rights and responsibilities; investigate civic and political issues and problems; use inquiry and communication skills to report findings in charts, graphs, written and verbal forms; and demonstrate responsible citizenship by exercising civic virtues and participation skills.
Foundations of Government
4.2.1 Explain the major purposes of Indiana's Constitution as stated in the Preamble.
4.2.2 Describe individual rights, such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion and the right to public education, which people have under Article I of Indiana's Constitution.
Functions of Government
4.2.3 Identify and explain the major responsibilities of the legislative (Article 4), executive (Article 5), and judicial branches (Article 7) of state government as written in the Indiana Constitution.
4.2.4 Identify major state offices, the duties and powers associated with them, and how they are chosen, such as by election or appointment.
Roles of Citizens
4.2.5 Give examples of how citizens can participate in their state government and explain the right and responsibility of voting.
4.2.6 Define and provide examples of civic virtues in a democracy.
4.2.7 Use a variety of resources to take a position or recommend a course of action on a public issue relating to Indiana's past or present.
3 Students explain how the Earth/sun relationship influences the climate of Indiana; identify the components of Earth's physical systems; describe the major physical and cultural characteristics of Indiana; provide examples of how people have adapted to and modified their environment, past and present; identify regions of Indiana and compare the geographic characteristics of Indiana with states and regions in other parts of the world.
The World in Spatial Terms
4.3.1 Use latitude and longitude to identify physical and human features of Indiana.
4.3.2 Estimate distances between two places on a map when referring to relative locations.
Places and Regions
4.3.3 Locate Indiana on a map as one of the 50 United States. Identify and describe the location of the state capital, major cities and rivers in Indiana.
4.3.4 Map and describe the physical regions of Indiana and identify major natural resources and crop regions.
4.3.5 Explain how glaciers shaped Indiana's landscape and environment.
4.3.6 Describe Indiana's landforms (lithosphere), water features (hydrosphere), and plants and animals (biosphere).
4.3.7 Explain the effect of the Earth/sun relationship on the climate of Indiana.
4.3.8 Identify the challenges in the physical landscape of Indiana to early settlers and modern day economic development.
4.3.9 Explain the importance of major transportation routes, including rivers, in the exploration, settlement and growth of Indiana and in the state's location as a crossroad of America.
4.3.10 Identify immigration patterns and describe the impact diverse ethnic and cultural groups has had and has on Indiana.
E pluribus unum (out of many, one)
Ellis Island was opened (January 1, 1892) during the administration of President Benjamin Harrison (Indiana's only President)
4.3.11 Examine Indiana's international relationships with states and regions in other parts of the world.
Environment and Society
4.3.12 Create maps of Indiana at different times in history showing regions and major physical and cultural features; give examples of how people in Indiana have modified their environment over time.
4.3.13 Read and interpret texts (written, graphs, maps, timelines, etc.) to answer geographic questions about Indiana in the past and present.
4 Students study and compare the characteristics of Indiana's changing economy in the past and present.
4.4.1 Give examples of the kinds of goods and services produced in Indiana in different historical periods.
4.4.2 Define productivity and provide examples of how productivity has changed in Indiana during the past 100 years.
4.4.3 Explain how both parties can benefit from trade and give examples of how people in Indiana engaged in trade in different time periods.
4.4.4 Explain that prices change as a result of changes in supply and demand for specific products.
4.4.5 Describe Indiana's emerging global connections.
4.4.6 List the functions of money and compare and contrast things that have been used as money in the past in Indiana, the United States and the world.
4.4.7 Identify entrepreneurs who have influenced Indiana and the local community.
4.4.8 Define profit and describe how profit is an incentive for entrepreneurs.
4.4.9 Identify important goods and services provided by state and local governments by giving examples of how state and local tax revenues are used.