1 Students explore the key historic movements, events and figures that contributed to the development of modern Europe and America from early civilizations through modern times by examining religious institutions, trade and cultural interactions, political institutions, and technological developments.
Early and Classical Civilizations: 1900 B.C. /B.C.E to 700 A.D. /C.E.
6.1.1 Summarize the rise, decline, and cultural achievements of ancient civilizations in Europe and Mesoamerica.
6.1.9 Analyze the interconnections of people, places and events in the economic, scientific and cultural exchanges of the European Renaissance that led to the Scientific Revolution, voyages of discovery and imperial conquest.
6.1.11 Compare and contrast Spanish, Portuguese, French, and British colonies in the Americas.
6.1.12 Describe the Reformations and their effects on European and American society.
6.1.13 Explain the origin and spread of scientific, political, and social ideals associated with the Age of Enlightenment/Age of Reason.
6.1.14 Describe the origins, developments and innovations of the Industrial Revolution and explain the impact these changes brought about.
Modern Era: 1700 to the present
6.1.15 Describe the impact of industrialization and urbanization on the lives of individuals and on trade and cultural exchange between Europe and the Americas and the rest of the world.
6.1.16 Identify individuals, beliefs and events that represent various political ideologies during the nineteenth and twentieth century's and explain their significance.
6.1.17 Discuss the benefits and challenges related to the development of a highly technological society.
Chronological Thinking, Historical Comprehension, Analysis and Interpretation, Research
6.1.18 Create and compare timelines that identify major people, events and developments in the history of individual civilizations and/or countries that comprise Europe and the Americas.
6.1.19 Define and use the terms decade, century, and millennium, and compare alternative ways that historical periods and eras are designated by identifying the organizing principles upon which each is based.
6.1.20 Analyze cause-and-effect relationships, keeping in mind multiple causations, including the importance of individuals, ideas, human interests, beliefs and chance in history.
6.1.21 Differentiate between fact and interpretation in historical accounts and explain the meaning of historical passages by identifying who was involved, what happened, where it happened, and relating them to outcomes that followed and gaps in the historical record.
6.1.22 Form research questions and use a variety of information resources to obtain, evaluate and present data on people, cultures and developments in Europe and the Americas.
6.1.23 Identify issues related to an historical event in Europe or the Americas and give basic arguments for and against that issue utilizing the perspectives, interests and values of those involved.
2 Students compare and contrast forms of government in different historical periods with contemporary political structures of Europe and the Americas and examine the rights and responsibilities of individuals in different political systems.
Foundations of Government
6.2.1 Compare and contrast major forms of governments in Europe and the Americas throughout history.
6.2.2 Explain how elements of Greek direct democracy and Roman representative democracy are present in modern systems of government.
6.2.3 Examine key ideas of Magna Carta (1215), the Petition of Right (1628), and the English Bill of Rights (1689) as documents to place limits on the English monarchy and how they have affected the shaping of other governments.
6.2.4 Define the term nation-state and describe the rise of nation-states headed by monarchs in Europe from 1500 to 1700.
Functions of Government
6.2.5 Discuss the impact of major forms of government in Europe and the Americas on civil and human rights.
6.2.6 Identify and describe the functions of international political organizations in the world today.
Roles of Citizens
6.2.7 Define and compare citizenship and the citizen's role throughout history in Europe and the Americas.
3 Students identify the characteristics of climate regions in Europe and the Americas and describe major physical features, countries and cities of Europe and the Western Hemisphere.
The World in Spatial Terms
6.3.1 Demonstrate a broad understanding of the countries and capitals of Europe and the Americas.
6.3.2 Use latitude and longitude to locate the capital cities of Europe and the Americas and describe the uses of locational technology, such as Global Positioning Systems (GPS) to distinguish absolute and relative location and to describe Earth's surfaces.
Places and Regions
6.3.3 Describe and compare major physical characteristics of regions in Europe and the Americas.
6.3.4 Describe and compare major cultural characteristics of regions in Europe and the Western Hemisphere.
6.3.5 Give examples and describe the formation of important river deltas, mountains and bodies of water in Europe and the Americas.
6.3.6 Explain how ocean currents and winds influence climate differences on Europe and the Americas.
6.3.7 Locate and describe the climate regions of Europe and the Americas and explain how and why they differ.
6.3.8 Identify major biomes of Europe and the Americas and explain how these are influenced by climate.
6.3.9 Identify current patterns of population distribution and growth in Europe and the Americas using a variety of geographic representations such as maps, charts, graphs, and satellite images and aerial photography. Evaluate different push and pull factors that trigger migrations.
6.3.10 Explain the ways cultural diffusion, invention, and innovation change culture.
6.4.3 Explain why international trade requires a system for exchanging currency between various countries.
6.4.4 Describe how different economic systems (traditional, command, market and mixed) in Europe and the Americas answer the basic economic questions on what to produce, how to produce and for whom to produce.
6.4.5 Compare the standard of living of various countries of Europe and the Americas today using Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita as an indicator.
6.4.6 Analyze current economic issues in the countries of Europe or the Americas using a variety of information resources.
6.4.7 Identify economic connections between the local community and the countries of Europe or the Americas and identify job skills needed to be successful in the workplace.
6.4.8 Identify ways that societies deal with helpful and harmful externalities (spillovers) in Europe or the Americas.
6.4.9 Explain how saving and investing help increase productivity and economic growth and compare and contrast individual saving and investing options.