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Skills available for Indiana fourth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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1 Students trace the historical periods, places, people, events, and movements that have led to the development of Indiana as a state.

2 Students describe the components and characteristics of Indiana's constitutional form of government; explain the levels and three branches of Indiana's government; understand citizenship rights and responsibilities; investigate civic and political issues and problems; use inquiry and communication skills to report findings in charts, graphs, written and verbal forms; and demonstrate responsible citizenship by exercising civic virtues and participation skills.

  • Foundations of Government

    • 4.2.1 Explain the major purposes of Indiana's Constitution as stated in the Preamble.

    • 4.2.2 Describe individual rights, such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion and the right to public education, which people have under Article I of Indiana's Constitution.

  • Functions of Government

    • 4.2.3 Identify and explain the major responsibilities of the legislative (Article 4), executive (Article 5), and judicial branches (Article 7) of state government as written in the Indiana Constitution.

    • 4.2.4 Identify major state offices, the duties and powers associated with them, and how they are chosen, such as by election or appointment.

  • Roles of Citizens

    • 4.2.5 Give examples of how citizens can participate in their state government and explain the right and responsibility of voting.

    • 4.2.6 Define and provide examples of civic virtues in a democracy.

    • 4.2.7 Use a variety of resources to take a position or recommend a course of action on a public issue relating to Indiana's past or present.

3 Students explain how the Earth/sun relationship influences the climate of Indiana; identify the components of Earth's physical systems; describe the major physical and cultural characteristics of Indiana; provide examples of how people have adapted to and modified their environment, past and present; identify regions of Indiana and compare the geographic characteristics of Indiana with states and regions in other parts of the world.

  • The World in Spatial Terms

    • 4.3.1 Use latitude and longitude to identify physical and human features of Indiana.

    • 4.3.2 Estimate distances between two places on a map when referring to relative locations.

  • Places and Regions

    • 4.3.3 Locate Indiana on a map as one of the 50 United States. Identify and describe the location of the state capital, major cities and rivers in Indiana.

    • 4.3.4 Map and describe the physical regions of Indiana and identify major natural resources and crop regions.

  • Physical Systems

    • 4.3.5 Explain how glaciers shaped Indiana's landscape and environment.

    • 4.3.6 Describe Indiana's landforms (lithosphere), water features (hydrosphere), and plants and animals (biosphere).

    • 4.3.7 Explain the effect of the Earth/sun relationship on the climate of Indiana.

    • 4.3.8 Identify the challenges in the physical landscape of Indiana to early settlers and modern day economic development.

  • Human Systems

    • 4.3.9 Explain the importance of major transportation routes, including rivers, in the exploration, settlement and growth of Indiana and in the state's location as a crossroad of America.

    • 4.3.10 Identify immigration patterns and describe the impact diverse ethnic and cultural groups has had and has on Indiana.

      • E pluribus unum (out of many, one)

      • Ellis Island was opened (January 1, 1892) during the administration of President Benjamin Harrison (Indiana's only President)

    • 4.3.11 Examine Indiana's international relationships with states and regions in other parts of the world.

  • Environment and Society

    • 4.3.12 Create maps of Indiana at different times in history showing regions and major physical and cultural features; give examples of how people in Indiana have modified their environment over time.

    • 4.3.13 Read and interpret texts (written, graphs, maps, timelines, etc.) to answer geographic questions about Indiana in the past and present.

4 Students study and compare the characteristics of Indiana's changing economy in the past and present.

  • 4.4.1 Give examples of the kinds of goods and services produced in Indiana in different historical periods.

  • 4.4.2 Define productivity and provide examples of how productivity has changed in Indiana during the past 100 years.

  • 4.4.3 Explain how both parties can benefit from trade and give examples of how people in Indiana engaged in trade in different time periods.

  • 4.4.4 Explain that prices change as a result of changes in supply and demand for specific products.

  • 4.4.5 Describe Indiana's emerging global connections.

  • 4.4.6 List the functions of money and compare and contrast things that have been used as money in the past in Indiana, the United States and the world.

  • 4.4.7 Identify entrepreneurs who have influenced Indiana and the local community.

  • 4.4.8 Define profit and describe how profit is an incentive for entrepreneurs.

  • 4.4.9 Identify important goods and services provided by state and local governments by giving examples of how state and local tax revenues are used.

  • 4.4.10 Explain how people save, develop a savings plan, and create a budget in order to make a future purchase.