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Skills available for Kentucky second-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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The study of government and civics equips students to understand the nature of government and the unique characteristics of representative democracy in the United States, including its fundamental principles, structure and the role of citizens. Understanding the historical development of structures of power, authority and governance and their evolving functions in contemporary U.S. society and other parts of the world is essential for developing civic competence. An understanding of civic ideals and practices of citizenship is critical to full participation in society and is a central purpose of the social studies.

  • Formation of Governments

    • SS-EP-1.1.1 Students will identify the basic purposes of local government (to establish order, provide security and accomplish common goals); give examples of services local governments provide (e.g., police and fire protection roads and snow removal, garbage pick-up,) and identify how they pay for these services taxes).

    • SS-EP-1.1.2 Students will identify and explain the purpose of rules within organizations (e.g., school, clubs, teams) and compare rules with laws.

  • Constitutional Principles

    • SS-EP-1.2.1 Students will describe how their local government is structured (e.g., mayor, city council, judge-executive, fiscal court, local courts) and compare their local government to other community governments in Kentucky.

  • Rights and Responsibilities

    • SS-EP-1.3.1 Students will define basic democratic ideas (e.g., liberty, justice, equality, rights, responsibility) and explain why they are important today.

    • SS-EP-1.3.2 Students will identify and give examples of good citizenship at home, at school and in the community (e.g., helping with chores, obeying rules, participating in community service projects such as recycling, conserving natural resources, donating food/supplies) and explain why civic engagement in the community is important.

Culture is the way of life shared by a group of people, including their ideas and traditions. Cultures reflect the values and beliefs of groups in different ways (e.g., art, music, literature, religion); however, there are universals (e.g., food, clothing, shelter, communication) connecting all cultures. Culture influences viewpoints, rules and institutions in a global society. Students should understand that people form cultural groups throughout the United States and the World, and that issues and challenges unite and divide them.

Economics includes the study of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. Students need to understand how their economic decisions affect them, others, the nation and the world. The purpose of economic education is to enable individuals to function effectively both in their own personal lives and as citizens and participants in an increasingly connected world economy. Students need to understand the benefits and costs of economic interaction and interdependence among people, societies and governments.

Geography includes the study of the five fundamental themes of location, place, regions, movement and human/environmental interaction. Students need geographic knowledge to analyze issues and problems to better understand how humans have interacted with their environment over time, how geography has impacted settlement and population, and how geographic factors influence climate, culture, the economy and world events. A geographic perspective also enables students to better understand the past and present and to prepare for the future.

  • The Use of Geographic Tools

  • Regions

    • SS-EP-4.2.1 Students will describe places on Earth’s surface by their physical characteristics (e.g., climate, landforms, bodies of water).

  • Patterns

    • SS-EP-4.3.1 Students will describe patterns of human settlement in places and regions on the Earth’s surface.

    • SS-EP-4.3.2 Students will describe how technology helps us move, settle and interact in the modern world.

  • Human-Environment Interaction

    • SS-EP-4.4.1 Students will describe ways people adapt to/modify the physical environment to meet their basic needs (food, shelter, clothing).

    • SS-EP-4.4.2 Students will describe how the physical environment can both promote and restrict human activities.

History is an account of events, people, ideas and their interaction over time that can be interpreted through multiple perspectives. In order for students to understand the present and plan for the future, they must understand the past. Studying history engages students in the lives, aspirations, struggles, accomplishments and failures of real people. Students need to think in an historical context in order to understand significant ideas, beliefs, themes, patterns and events, and how individuals and societies have changed over time in Kentucky, the United States and the World.