5.2.3 Describe similarities and differences between past events and current events in U.S. history (e.g., in the lives of people from different cultures past and present)
5.2.4 Explain the significance of scientists, inventors, and historical figures (e.g., Christopher Columbus, Juan Ponce De Leon, Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Paul Revere, Benjamin Rush, David Rittenhouse, Thomas Paine)
5.2.11 Identify the reasons (e.g., Boston Tea Party, the Stamp Act, English Laws) for conflict between England and the American colonies and the key people (e.g., George Washington, King George III, John Adams, Paul Revere) involved
5.4.3 Identify the purpose and importance behind documents leading up to the writing of the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights (e.g., Magna Carta, English common law, English Bill of Rights, Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation)
5.4.4 Explain why the United States government is necessary (e.g., government helps secure people's lives, liberty, and property through law and military protection; groups can accomplish things collectively that individuals cannot)
5.5.3 Explain how human activity (e.g., settlement patterns, migration) affects the physical environment (e.g., soil uses, economy, pollution, use of energy sources)
6 Students understand the importance of culture, individual identity, and group identity.
5.6.1 Identify examples of conflict (e.g., slavery, war, gender roles) and cooperation (e.g., settlements) that occurred among cultures (e.g., gender, ethnic groups, religious groups, immigrant groups, socio-economic status)