4.2.9 Explain reasons for settlement in North Dakota (e.g., railroads, Bonanza farms, Homestead Act)
4.2.10 Explain the significance of agriculture in North Dakota history (e.g., immigration, railroads)
4.2.11 Describe the effects of changes in industry, agriculture, and technology in North Dakota (e.g., energy production, transportation, farming methods)
3 Students understand economic concepts and the characteristics of various economic systems.
4.3.1 Describe the impact of education, training, and health care on personal income
4.3.2 Identify ways that natural resources (e.g., soil, minerals, trees, fish, people) contribute to the economy of the local community and North Dakota
4.3.3 Explain the impact of tourism on North Dakota's economy (e.g. revenue for our state, jobs created, tourist sites--Fort Lincoln, Peace Gardens, Medora, Lake Sakakawea, Devils Lake)
4.3.4 Identify principal exports of North Dakota (e.g., crops, energy, livestock)
4 Students understand the development, functions, and form of various political systems and the role of the citizen in government and society.
4.4.1 Identify the roles, rights, and responsibilities of a citizen in North Dakota (e.g., obedience to laws, the right to vote)
4.4.2 Identify the basic roles of the three branches of North Dakota government (i.e., Executive, Legislative, Judicial)
4.4.3 Identify the characteristics of a sovereign nation in terms of tribal government in North Dakota
5 Students understand and apply concepts of geography.
4.5.1 Identify Earth's geographical landforms (e.g., islands, mountains, plains, hills, bodies of water)Identify the physical features and relative locations of the major land forms (i.e., Rocky Mountains, Appalachian Mountains, Great Lakes, Gulf of Mexico, Mississippi River, Grand Canyon) of the regions of the United States
4.5.2 Identify the political regions of the United States (e.g., Midwest, Northeast) and their relative locations