L.1.1.j Resolve issues of complex of contested usage, consulting reliable references as needed.
L.1.1.k Use coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.
L.1.1.l Explain the function of coordinating conjunctions.
L.1.2 Demonstrate proficiency in:
L.1.2.m Use possessive nouns.
L.1.2.n Explain the function of a noun.
L.1.2.o Form and use the progressive (e.g., I was walking; I am walking; I will be walking) verb tenses.
L.1.2.p Form and use the perfect (e.g., I had walked; I have walked; I will walk) verb tenses.
L.1.2.q Use helping and modal auxiliaries (e.g., can, may, must) to convey various conditions.
L.1.2.r Explain the function of a verb.
L.1.3 Continually use and maintain proficiency:
L.2 Within the context of authentic English writing and speaking
L.2.1.a Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue.
L.2.1.b Add prefixes and suffixes to base words (e.g., sitting, smiled, cries, happiness).
L.2.1.c Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed and/or using spelling patterns and generalizations (e.g., word families, position-based spelling, syllable patterns, ending rules, meaningful word parts).
L.2.2 Display proficiency in:
L.2.2.d Form and use possessives.
L.2.2.e Use correct capitalization overall.
L.2.2.f Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of a sentence.
L.2.2.g Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.
L.4.c Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.
L.6 Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships (e.g., however, although, nevertheless, similarly, moreover, in addition).