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Skills available for Ohio sixth-grade science standards

Standards are in black and IXL science skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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This theme focuses on helping students recognize the components of various systems and then investigate dynamic and sustainable relationships within systems using scientific inquiry.

  • During the years of grades 5-8, all students must use the following scientific processes, with appropriate laboratory safety techniques, to construct their knowledge and understanding in all science content areas:

    • Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations;

    • Design and conduct a scientific investigation;

    • Use appropriate mathematics, tools and techniques to gather data and information;

    • Analyze and interpret data;

    • Develop descriptions, models, explanations and predictions;

    • Think critically and logically to connect evidence and explanations;

    • Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and predications; and

    • Communicate scientific procedures and explanations.

ESS Earth and Space Science

  • This topic focuses on the study of rocks, minerals and soil, which make up the lithosphere. Classifying and identifying different types of rocks, minerals and soil can decode the past environment in which they formed.

    • Minerals have specific, quantifiable properties.

      • Minerals are naturally occurring, inorganic solids that have a defined chemical composition. Minerals have properties that can be observed and measured. Minerals form in specific environments.

    • Igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks have unique characteristics that can be used for identification and/or classification.

    • Igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks form in different ways.

      • Magma or lava cools and crystallizes to form igneous rocks. Heat and pressure applied to existing rock forms metamorphic rocks. Sedimentary rock forms as existing rock weathers chemically and/or physically and the weathered material is compressed and then lithifies. Each rock type can provide information about the environment in which it was formed.

    • Soil is unconsolidated material that contains nutrient matter and weathered rock.

      • Soil formation occurs at different rates and is based on environmental conditions, types of existing bedrock and rates of weathering. Soil forms in layers known as horizons. Soil horizons can be distinguished from one another based on properties that can be measured.

    • Rocks, minerals and soils have common and practical uses.

      • Nearly all manufactured material requires some kind of geologic resource. Most geologic resources are considered nonrenewable. Rocks, minerals and soil are examples of geologic resources that are nonrenewable.

LS Life Science

PS Physical Science