1 Observing is the first action taken by the learner to acquire new information about an object, organism, or event. Opportunities for observation are developed through the use of a variety of scientific tools. Measurement allows observations to be quantified. The student will accomplish these objectives to meet this process standard.
1 Observe and measure objects, organisms, and/or events using developmentally appropriate International System of Units (SI) (i.e., meters, centimeters, grams, and degrees Celsius).
2 Classifying establishes order. Objects, organisms, and events are classified based on similarities, differences, and interrelationships. The student will accomplish these objectives to meet this process standard.
1 Classify a set of simple objects, familiar organisms, and/or observable events by observable properties (e.g., graphic organizers, t-charts, tables, and Venn diagrams).
3 Experimenting is a method of discovering information. It requires making observations and measurements to test ideas. Inquiry can be defined as the skills necessary to carry out the process of scientific or systemic thinking. In order for inquiry to occur, students must have the opportunity to ask a question, formulate a procedure, and observe phenomena. The student will accomplish these objectives to meet this process standard.
1 Ask a question about objects, organisms, or events in the environment.
2 Plan and conduct a simple investigation.
3 Employ simple equipment and tools such as magnifiers, thermometers, and rulers to gather data.
4 Recognize potential hazards and practice safety procedures in all science activities.
4 Interpreting is the process of recognizing patterns in collected data by making inferences, predictions, or conclusions. Communicating is the process of describing, recording, and reporting experimental procedures and results to others. Communication may be oral, written, or mathematical and includes organizing ideas, using appropriate vocabulary, graphs, other visual representations, and mathematical equations. The student will accomplish these objectives to meet this process standard.
1 Interpret tables, pictorial, and/or simple bar graphs.
1 Describe characteristics of objects based on physical properties such as size, shape, color, or texture. Vibration of materials causes sound. The student will engage in investigations that integrate the process standards and lead to the discovery of the following objectives:
1 Objects can be described in terms of the materials of which they are made. Mixtures and solutions can be separated (i.e., sand and marbles, salt and water).
2 Sound is produced by vibrations (i.e., pitch and loudness).
3 Sound travels through air, water, and/or solids.
2 All living things have structures that enable them to function in unique and specific ways to obtain food, reproduce, and survive. The student will engage in investigations that integrate the process standards and lead to the discovery of the following objectives:
1 Plants and animals have features (i.e., breathing structures, limbs, skin covering, seed dispersal, roots, stems, and leaves) that help them live in different environments such as air, water, or land.