4.1 Identify and describe historic Native American Indian groups that lived in Oregon prior to contact with Europeans and at the time of early European exploration, including ways these groups adapted to and interacted with the physical environment.
4.2 Explain how key individuals and events influenced the early growth and changes in Oregon.
4.3 Give examples of changes in Oregon's agricultural, industrial, political, and business development over time.
4.4 Identify the 9 federally recognized Oregon tribes and their aboriginal boundaries.
4.5 Distinguish between fact and fiction in historical accounts by comparing documentary sources on historical figures and events with fictional characters and events in stories.
4.6 Create and evaluate timelines that show relationships among people, events, and movements in Oregon history.
4.7 Use primary and secondary sources to create or describe a narrative about events in Oregon history.
4.8 Use geographical tools (e.g., maps, GIS, Google Earth) to identify absolute and relative locations and physical characteristics of places in Oregon.
4.9 Explain the influence of Oregon and the Northwest's physical systems on humans, including Native Americans.
4.10 Compare and contrast varying patterns of settlements in Oregon, past and present, and consider future trends.
4.11 Identify conflicts involving use of land, natural resources, economy, and competition for scarce resources, different political views, boundary disputes, and cultural differences within Oregon and between different geographical areas.