2 Use the tools and methods of inquiry, perspective, and empathy to explain historical events with multiple interpretations and judge the past on its own terms
SS.3.2.1 Investigate the history of communities over time using level-appropriate primary sources (e.g., maps, photos, oral histories, letters, and newspapers)
Makes generalizations about the history of a community based on information from primary sources.
Historical Perspectives and Interpretations
SS.3.2.2 Analyze varying perspectives of an experience or event based on the differing viewpoints of the teller, listener, and /or the participants
Compares an experience or historical event from the point of view of different people involved and offers possible reasons for the difference.
3 Understand change, cause and effect, and continuity in history and contemporary life
Community Life Past and Present
SS.3.3.1 Analyze issues and concerns of own community and those of a similar community in the past
Compares issues and concerns (e.g., employment, safety, population, transportation) of own community with those of a community in the past.
4 Understand the purpose and historical impact of political institutions, the principles and values of American constitutional democracy, and the similarities and differences in government across cultural perspectives
Governance, Power, and Authority
SS.3.4.1 Explain the purpose of rules and laws and the differences between them
Explains why we have rules and laws, describes how they differ, and gives examples of each.
SS.3.4.2 Describe ways in which people exercise power without authority
Explains power without authority (e.g., illegal, unofficial such as bullying).
5 Understand roles, rights (personal, economic, political), and responsibilities of American citizens and exercise them in civic action
Rights and Responsibilities
SS.3.5.1 Describe roles and rights of citizenship and demonstrate responsibilities of citizenship
Identifies roles (e.g., active, informed participant), rights, (e.g., freedom of speech, freedom of religion) and responsibilities (e.g., paying taxes, voting) and fulfills own responsibilities within the classroom.
7 Use geographic representations to organize, analyze, and present information on people, places, and environments and understand the nature and interaction of geographic regions and societies around the world
Human and Physical Characteristics in Spatial Terms
SS.3.7.1 Use geographic representations (e.g., maps, globes, graphs, charts, models) to organize and analyze geographic information
Draws a conclusion about the place under study based on the geographic information gathered.
Places and Regions
SS.3.7.2 Compare the physical and human characteristics of different communities and regions
Analyzes why physical and human characteristics differ from place to place.
SS.3.7.3 Describe the physical and human characteristics that make different regions unique
Creates a geographic representation showing the physical and human characteristics of a place or region and explains its uniqueness.
Environment and Society
SS.3.7.4 Examine the ways in which people modify the physical environment and the effects of these changes
Evaluates how people have changed the environment (e.g., irrigation, clearing land, planting crops, building roads) and the effects of these changes.
SS.3.7.5 Examine the economic and geographic factors that influence why people migrate and where they settle
Analyzes the factors that influence why people migrate and where they settle (e.g., natural resources, major waterways, physical features, natural hazards, connections, populations, climate, job opportunities).
8 Understand economic concepts and the characteristics of various economic systems
Limited Resources and Choice
SS.3.8.1 Explain that opportunity cost is the best alternative given up when making a choice
Describes a time when he or she had to make a choice, and explain what he or she gave up by making that choice.
SS.3.8.2 Explain that goods and resources are limited because there are not enough natural, human, and capital resources to satisfy everyone's wants
Explains that people need to use resources (natural, humans, and capital) wisely because they are in short supply.
SS.3.8.3 Describe how money makes it easy to trade goods and services
Explains why it would be harder to try to trade a personal belonging for something than it would be to pay money for that same thing.